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When Do I Need Professional Pest Control Services?

Posted by on 06.18.2018

We are a nation filled with do-it-yourselfers, whether that includes the bathroom renovation, a new coat of paint on the house or selling your home without the help of an agent. The lure is money-savings and the satisfaction of completing a major task without any professional help. However, when it comes to pest control, it’s often a better idea to call in a professional for these and other reasons.

Protecting the Family

Whether you have an infestation of ants or roaches, or wildlife coming onto your property, family members – particularly children – are going to want the house back to normal as soon as possible. That’s what professional pest control experts do – they are trained to assess the situation and are highly skilled when it comes to applying pesticides that won’t harm family members or pets. Family members with an allergic sensitivity to ant or bed bug bites, for example, are relying on quick and effective pest control efforts to stay healthy. Ask yourself this question: who will take care of the pest control problem more quickly – you or a professional with years of experience?

Understanding Pests

If you see a few roaches in the kitchen, applying even the proper pesticide in the kitchen isn’t going to get the job done. That’s because a pest control professional knows that roaches can make their home inside walls or under appliances. Most roaches can squeeze into a crack as thin as a dime. What about field mice or other outdoor animals attacking your lawn and garden? Do you know the rules in your community regarding the elimination of these pests? Trapping is required in many locations and is certainly the most humane alternative. Do you have the equipment and the expertise to trap a mole or vole? And if so, do you know how and where to relocate the pest?

Handling an Infestation

What will you do if that termite, ant, roach or other pest problem turns out to be a serious infestation? That is an obvious situation in which professional pest control help is urgently needed. Experts also say it is easy for the untrained eye to miss the signs of an infestation, allowing the problem to become even more serious. No matter the pest, professionals know how to find the hiding locations and to quickly determine the level of the pest problem in your home before taking any action. For example, did you know there are different chemicals that can be used to attract roaches so that they can be eliminated with other baits or sprays that will not harm your pets or kids?

Complete Pest Control Services exterminates wasps, flies, stink bugs, gnats, mosquitoes, moths and other flying insects that bite, bore, destroy, irritate, bite, destroy clothing or harbor disease. You need an expert with 35 years’ experience, like CPCS, to eliminate these moving targets with the safest, latest and broadest pest treatment strategies. We identify the insect; survey the building’s interior and exterior; and remove nests, if needed. For restaurants, we also provide insect zappers that attract and eliminate flying pest, which your guests will truly appreciate. There are NO contracts. But CPCS is happy to work with you on an annual or maintenance basis. We’re available 24/7/365. Contact COMPLETE now at 412.318.4547 or https://www.completepestcontrolservices.com

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When Do I Need Professional Pest Control Services?

Pest Control Professionals See Summer Spike in Bed Bug Calls

Posted by on 06.06.2018

New research from the National Pest Management Association finds 97 percent of professionals treated for bed bugs in the past year

FAIRFAX, VA. (June 4, 2018) – The National Pest Management Association (NPMA) today released the findings of its 2018 Bugs Without Borders research, which surveys pest control professionals on the prevalence of bed bugs here in the U.S. The survey reports that 97 percent of pest professionals treated for bed bugs in the past year and more than half say summer is the busiest time of year. The results also reveal just how frequently bed bugs are confused with other pests. In fact, 84 percent of pest control professionals reported being contacted to treat another type of problem only to discover bed bugs present instead. The most common doppelganger? Fleas, as 71 percent of respondents reported being contacted to treat a suspected flea problem when in reality the customer had bed bugs.

“We’re finding that while bed bugs remain a pervasive issue and the public is concerned, general awareness and knowledge about these pests is alarmingly low,” said Cindy Mannes, vice president of public affairs for NPMA. “Bed bugs continue to infest virtually anywhere humans congregate, making vigilance key to curbing bed bug infestations, especially as the summer travel season kicks into gear. Our goal is to arm the public with the information they need to be proactive in preventing a bed bug encounter, whether at home or on the road.”

To help educate the public on the importance of bed bug prevention, the NPMA has declared June 3-9, 2018 as Bed Bug Awareness Week, a national observance recognized by Chase’s Calendar of Events and is sharing the top findings from its 2018 Bugs Without Borders survey:

· Almost all (97 percent) pest professionals have treated bed bugs in the past year. A majority of them say that overall bed bug service work (69 percent) and the prevalence of these pests (66 percent) are increasing.

· Bed bugs may be easily confused with other pests, as 84 percent of pest control professionals were initially contacted about a different type of pest before identifying them as bed bugs. The majority of these contacts (71 percent) were about fleas, followed by cockroaches (28 percent).

· More than half of pest control professionals noted that they receive the most bed bug complaints during the summer, as increased travel during this time of the year may help spread bed bugs from vacation destinations to homes or even college lodgings to homes as students go on summer break.

· The top three places where pest professionals encounter bed bugs are single-family homes (91 percent), apartments/condominiums (89 percent), and hotels/motels (68 percent). However, bed bugs can be found in high numbers in a variety of other places:

o Nursing Homes – 59 percent

o Schools & Day Care Centers – 47 percent

o Office Buildings – 46 percent

o College Dorms – 45 percent

o Hospitals – 36 percent

o Public Transportation – 19 percent

· Bites are the most commonly reported sign of an infestation (92 percent) and more than half of people reach out for treatment after discovering bites and welts on their bodies. Although some people immediately develop a skin reaction to bites, others may take two to three days before showing obvious symptoms or any symptoms at all, meaning that people could be unaware of a bed bug problem until a full-blown infestation has taken root.

· Typically found in couches and bed frames, bed bugs can also be found in some of the most unexpected places, including stuffed animals, wheelchairs, airplanes, school buses, purses and even inside bedside lamps.

When traveling, pack a small flashlight and thoroughly inspect the entire room before unpacking, including behind the headboard, under lights, and inside dressers, sofas and chairs. Pull back the sheets and inspect mattress seams and box springs, particularly at the corners for signs of bed bugs. Avoid placing luggage on upholstered surfaces or luggage racks with hollow legs where bed bugs may hide unseen. When arriving home from a trip, vacuum luggage thoroughly before storing it. Consider using a garment hand steamer, which can kill any bed bugs or eggs that may have traveled home. Wash and dry all clothes – even those that have not been worn – on hot cycles.

The majority of pest professionals agree that this bloodsucking pest is the number one most difficult pest to control. If an infestation is suspected, the NPMA recommends contacting a licensed pest professional, as bed bugs cannot be effectively treated with do-it-yourself measures. When working with a qualified professional, follow these simple steps to make bed bug work more efficient:

1. Clean, remove clutter, organize and vacuum

2. Follow directions and guidelines given by the professional and prepare correctly

3. If possible, report problems earlier, at the first sign or suspicion

Complete Pest Control Services. We’re greater Pittsburgh’s trusted family-owned pest control company with the latest and broadest treatment strategies. Our 35 years’ experience and 5-Step Process help us to quickly identify and responsibly eliminate the source of pest problems in homes, apartments, offices, retail spaces, and industrial buildings. CPCS is COMPLETE and 24/7/365 responsive with fair pricing and NO contracts. Contact COMPLETE now at 412-318-4547 or https://www.completepestcontrolservices.com/home

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Pest Control Professionals See Summer Spike in Bed Bug Calls

The insects bang their bellies to alert others of food

Posted by on 05.22.2018

The belly-banging action is the wasp equivalent of ringing a dinner bell

Wasps can also signal how high quality the food is by using different beats

For five decades, researchers thought the drumming was a signal of hunger

Wasps always seem to appear as soon as you've laid out a picnic.

Now, scientists have discovered why the insects have such an uncanny knack for appearing during outdoor mealtimes.

They believe the insects bang their tummies to alert other wasps when there is food nearby.

Wasps even use different types of drumming to tell their peers about the quality of food on offer.

Nothing ruins a picnic quite like a hoard of wasps circling around the sandwiches. Now, scientists have found the animals communication with each other so that once one of the animals has spotted food it signals the find to all wasps in the vicinity

The belly-banging action is the wasp equivalent of ringing a dinner bell, according to biologists.

Dr Taylor, an assistant professor at LaGuardia Community College in New York, said: 'They often show up at picnics, ballgames - anywhere they can get hold of some food.

'The behaviour I studied is called gastral drumming. When they produce this behaviour they drum their gaster - which is essentially their abdomen.

'For nearly five decades, researchers thought it was a signal of hunger. What my team found was that they are somehow informing each other that there's good food nearby.

The assistant biology professor studied a species of wasp called the German yellowjacket because it is commonly associated with ruining outdoor meals.

He found the workers produced various 'rhythmic' sounds by tapping their gasters against different parts of the nest.

He believed this could be a sign of advanced social communication in the insect world.

Dr Taylor added: 'This is incredibly exciting. In the social insect world, we call this behaviour 'recruitment'.

'For many years, many people believed wasps do not produce such a behaviour. Our research showed they do.'

Despite their fierce reputation, Dr Taylor explains that these wasps are crucial to fully functioning ecosystems.

'Anyone who has stepped on one won't soon forget it. I suspect that most people who say they were stung by a bee were actually stung by one of these wasps.

'But I don't want to make them sound like ruthless monsters.

'When they sting, it's most often to defend themselves or the other members of the colony.'

'German yellow jacket wasps are vital components of ecosystems and are often overlooked as pollinators for plants,' he added.

'Many wasp researchers have been trying to get others to reassess their importance in this regard.

'There's also a hashtag used on social media (#wasplove), to try to get people to understand their importance.'

Complete Pest Control Services exterminates wasps, flies, stink bugs, gnats, mosquitoes, moths and other flying insects that bite, bore, destroy, irritate, bite, destroy clothing or harbor disease. You need an expert with 35 years’ experience, like CPCS, to eliminate these moving targets with the safest, latest and broadest pest treatment strategies. We identify the insect; survey the building’s interior and exterior; and remove nests, if needed. For restaurants, we also provide insect zappers that attract and eliminate flying pest, which your guests will truly appreciate. There are NO contracts. But CPCS is happy to work with you on an annual or maintenance basis. We’re available 24/7/365. Contact COMPLETE now at 412.318.4547 or https://www.completepestcontrolservices.com/index.php/contact

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The insects bang their bellies to alert others of food

Tick- and mosquito-borne diseases more than triple, since 2004, in the US

Posted by https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/01/health/ticks-mosquito-borne-diseases-cdc-stu on 05.08.2018

CDC: Illnesses from tick, mosquito, and flea bites more than tripled between 2004 and 2016

Nine new vector-borne pathogens have been identified since 2004

(CNN) With summer around the corner, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention experts are warning --- beware the bugs!

A new report from the agency reveals that diseases transmitted through the bites of blood-feeding ticks, mosquitoes, and fleas are a "growing public health problem" in the United States.

Reported cases of what are called vector-borne diseases have more than tripled nationwide, growing from 27,388 cases reported in 2004 to a whopping 96,075 cases reported in 2016, according to the new Vital Signs report published by the CDC on Tuesday.

Vector-borne diseases are illnesses that are transmitted by vectors, or blood-feeding ticks and insects capable of transmitting pathogens -- bacteria, viruses, or parasites -- from one host to another. Pathogens, transmitted through a vector's bite, cause illness. These include Lyme disease, West Nile virus and Zika virus, to name a few.

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Tick- and mosquito-borne diseases more than triple, since 2004, in the US

Numbers of Insects (Species and Individuals)

Posted by https://www.si.edu/spotlight/buginfo/bugnos on 04.30.2018

It has long been recognized and documented that insects are the most diverse group of organisms, meaning that the numbers of species of insects are more than any other group. In the world, some 900 thousand different kinds of living insects are known. This representation approximates 80 percent of the world's species. The true figure of living species of insects can only be estimated from present and past studies. Most authorities agree that there are more insect species that have not been described (named by science) than there are insect species that have been previously named. Conservative estimates suggest that this figure is 2 million, but estimates extend to 30 million. In the last decade, much attention has been given to the entomofauna that exists in the canopies of tropical forests of the world. From studies conducted by Terry Erwin of the Smithsonian Institution's Department of Entomology in Latin American forest canopies, the number of living species of insects has been estimated to be 30 million. Insects also probably have the largest biomass of the terrestrial animals. At any time, it is estimated that there are some 10 quintillion (10,000,000,000,000,000,000) individual insects alive.

In the United States, the number of described species is approximately 91,000. The undescribed species of insects in the United States, however, is estimated at some 73,000. The largest numbers of described species in the U.S. fall into four insect Orders: Coleoptera (beetles) at 23,700, Diptera (flies) at 19,600, Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps) at 17,500, and Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) at 11,500.

Several enlightening studies have been conducted involving the numbers of individual insects in a given area. In North Carolina, soil samples to a depth of 5 inches yielded a calculation that there were approximately 124 million animals per acre, of which 90 million were mites, 28 million were springtails, and 4.5 million were other insects. A similar study in Pennsylvania yielded figures of 425 million animals per acre, with 209 million mites, 119 million springtails, and 11 million other arthropods. Even specific insect species have been found to be quite numerous, with calculations of from 3 to 25 million per acre for wireworms (larvae of click beetles).

Certain social insects have large numbers in their nests. An ant nest in Jamaica was calculated to include 630,000 individuals. A South American termite nest was found to have 3 million individuals. Locust swarms are said to hold up to one billion individuals.

These great numbers of insect species and individuals were created by a number of factors including their long geological history, the capability of flight, their small size that allows survival in many various habitats, their ability to store sperm for delayed fertilization, and their general adaptive abilities to the environment. Insects have remarkable fertility and reproductive abilities, which have usually led to the vast numbers of individuals in nature. East African termite queens have been recorded to lay an egg every two seconds, amounting to 43,000 eggs each day. To appreciate the population potentials of insects the example of the housefly is sometimes used, stating that the descendants of one pair of this insect, provided that they all survived during a five month season, would total 190 quintillion individuals.

Recent figures indicate that there are more than 200 million insects for each human on the planet! A recent article in The New York Times claimed that the world holds 300 pounds of insects for every pound of humans.

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Numbers of Insects (Species and Individuals)

Pest Control

Posted by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pest_control on 04.25.2018

Pest control is the regulation or management of a species defined as a pest, a member of the animal kingdom that impacts adversely on human activities. The human response depends on the importance of the damage done, and will range from tolerance, through deterrence and management, to attempts to completely eradicate the pest. Pest control measures may be performed as part of an integrated pest management strategy.

In agriculture, pests are kept at bay by cultural, chemical and biological means. Ploughing and cultivation of the soil before sowing reduces the pest burden and there is a modern trend to limit the use of pesticides as far as possible. This can be achieved by monitoring the crop, only applying insecticides when necessary, and by growing varieties and crops which are resistant to pests. Where possible, biological means are used, encouraging the natural enemies of the pests and introducing suitable predators or parasites.

In homes and urban environments, the pests are the rodents, birds, insects and other organisms that share the habitat with humans, and that feed on and spoil possessions. Control of these pests is attempted through exclusion, repulsion, physical removal or chemical means. Alternatively, various methods of biological control can be used including sterilization programs.

Pest control is at least as old as agriculture, as there has always been a need to keep crops free from pests. As long ago as 3000 BC in Egypt, cats were used to control pests of grain stores such as rodents. Ferrets were domesticated by 500 AD in Europe for use as mousers. Mongooses were introduced into homes to control rodents and snakes, probably by the ancient Egyptians.

The conventional approach was probably the first to be employed, since it is comparatively easy to destroy weeds by burning them or ploughing them under, and to kill larger competing herbivores. Techniques such as crop rotation, companion planting (also known as intercropping or mixed cropping), and the selective breeding of pest-resistant cultivars have a long history.

Red weaver ants, here feeding on a snail, have been used to control pests in China, Southeast Asia and Africa for many centuries.

Chemical pesticides were first used around 2500 BC, when the Sumerians used sulphur compounds as insecticides. Modern pest control was stimulated by the spread across the United States of the Colorado potato beetle. After much discussion, arsenical compounds were used to control the beetle and the predicted poisoning of the human population did not occur. This led the way to a widespread acceptance of insecticides across the continent. With the industrialization and mechanization of agriculture in the 18th and 19th centuries, and the introduction of the insecticides pyrethrum and derris, chemical pest control became widespread. In the 20th century, the discovery of several synthetic insecticides, such as DDT, and herbicides boosted this development.

Biological control is first recorded around 300 AD in China, when colonies of weaver ants, Oecophylla smaragdina, were intentionally placed in citrus plantations to control beetles and caterpillars. Also in China, ducks were used in paddy fields to consume pests, as illustrated in ancient cave art. In 1762, an Indian mynah was brought to Mauritius to control locusts, and about the same time, citrus trees in Burma were connected by bamboos to allow ants to pass between them and help control caterpillars.

In the 1880s, ladybirds were used in citrus plantations in California to control scale insects, and other biological control experiments followed. The introduction of DDT, a cheap and effective compound, put an effective stop to biological control experiments. By the 1960s, problems of resistance to chemicals and damage to the environment began to emerge, and biological control had a renaissance. Chemical pest control is still the predominant type of pest control today, although a renewed interest in traditional and biological pest control developed towards the end of the 20th century and continues to this day.

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Pest Control

Fire Ants

Posted by Complete Pest Control Services on 04.16.2018

Fire Ants

Fire ants live in many of the warmer parts of the world and in the majority of countries and in the majority of languages, from Thai to French and English, the word ‘fire’ is part of its name. This is because the sensation of pain after having been stung, not bitten, by one of these ants is like the pain suffered from a burn.

Most ants that produce pain in humans bite first and then spray acid into the cut, but fire ants bite in order to get a hold and then sting with the body. The substance that they inject is an alkaloid venom which is agonizing to humans.

It is also an insecticide and some observers think that the nurse-worker fire ants spray this toxin over the eggs to prevent infection. Fire ants are easily distinguished by their red to copper-brown heads and dark to black bodies. They are between two and six millimeters in length and their mandibles or jaws look like jagged garden secateurs.

Fire ants build nests in the ground and often build up big mounds of earth, although sometimes this is concealed by a fallen tree of a pile of vegetation. The nests can be five feet deep and the mounds over a foot above ground. They prefer moist to damp ground, so the colonies can often be found on the banks of a river, on the edge of a pond or on a well-watered lawn. The nests are founded by one or more queens and can very rapidly mature to thousands of ants.

If you have fire ants in your house or garden, you will almost certainly want to get rid of them. This is not so hard, but if you do not annihilate every colony, then one of two surviving queens can produce a new nest of thousands of ants in about a month. There are plenty of poisons to kill ants on the market, and if you want to try an almost guaranteed chemical ant killer, pick one of those.

Otherwise you may want to try one of the following home treatments.

Nematodes are very small insects that live in damp soil. They eat other insects including ants. You can purchase nematodes in a garden center or on line. Combine them with rain, not tap water, because chlorine will kill them, then pour this water into the nest. The nematodes will have wiped out the ants within about two weeks. This is a wholly green way of killing fire ants.

Some people rely on club soda. Pour a bottle of club soda into the colony, the gas that the soda produces is said to kill the queen and the reproductive ants.

Soapy water is also supposed to kill ants. Use the same bowl of soapy washing up water and tip it into the colony, the soap is believed to kill them outright.

Boric acid is repellent to ants, so you can sprinkle it around the foundation of your house and around the nest.

There are quite a few natural methods of getting rid of fire ants, if you want to learn more, go to www.completepestcontrolservices.com.

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Fire Ants

Flying Ants Vs Termites

Posted by https://www.completepestcontrolservices.com/blog on 04.10.2018

Are you finding winged insects crawling around on your home or business? It can be disturbing. After all, carpenter ants and termites are known to eat away at buildings and cause structural damage. If caught too late, this structural damage can be significant. But, since carpenter ants cause millions of dollars in property damage each year and termite damage is in the billions, it is important to be able to tell the difference between these two insects when swarmers appear.

From A Distance

When flying ants or termite swarmers appear, it is often as a swarm. If the swarm happens at night, you'll see both of these insects flying around a nearby streetlight or exterior lights on your home. Light leaking out of your windows will also draw them in. This attraction to light is also why you will most often find these two insects crawling on the inside of your windows. They are trying to get to the sunlight outside. When this happens, you should also know that this is a strong indication that you have a mature ant or termite nest inside your home.

If you're seeing lots of winged insects, and you are not inclined to get up close and personal, you can often tell which of these pests you are looking at by whether or not there are ants crawling around nearby or in their midst. When ant and termite swarmers mate, they lose their wings. But you're not likely to see wingless termites walking around with winged termites. They will be tucked away inside the wood. That is why the presence of ants is a sign that you're looking at flying ants. It is also highly unlikely that winged termites will be hanging out with wingless ants.

Another distinction between these two insects that can be seen from a distance is the shape and color of their wings. While all insects have four wings, these wings come in a wide variety of shapes and colors. The wings of termite swarmers are white and stack on top of each other. This makes the white color bolder and the wings appear as though they are one. When crawling around together, it can look like tiny feathers fluttering on the ground. Carpenter ants have yellowish wings that appear more transparent. These wings do not stack exactly on top of one another which create a cleft at the end.

Up Close

The best way to tell what insect you're looking at is to catch one and look at it up close and personal. The first thing you'll notice--if you're looking at a termite--is that the wings are about ⅓ or ½ inch longer than the body and completely rounded on the ends, as mentioned earlier. If you're looking at a flying ant, you're likely to notice that the two wings on each side are also unequal in length, and more pointed at the end than termite wings.

Since flying ants are ants, they will look like ants. That is to say, they will have the distinct, pinched waist of an ant. Termites do not have this pinch at the waist.

The antennae on termites and ants are also quite different. Ant antennae have an elbow in them, and they have a stick-like quality. Termite antennae look like they are made out of many, tiny balls stacked on top of each other, and they are straight.

Termite swarmers are considerably smaller than carpenter ant swarmers. But, since you're probably not going to find both of these insects swarming your home at the same time, this fact isn't likely to help you determine which pest you have. It is good, however, to know that a carpenter ant swarmer can be as much as 13 to 17mm in length. If you're finding winged insects that are much smaller than this, you probably have termites.

Control Measures

If you're finding winged insects around your home, it is important to do something about it. While carpenter ants are certainly much less of a threat than termites, they can still do a tremendous amount of damage if left untreated. Carpenter ants are also a warning sign that your home is being damaged by water. These insects prefer soft or rotted wood to create their tunnels and nest galleries. If you have a broken or obstructed gutter system, it can be very bad for the equity of your house.

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Flying Ants Vs Termites

5 Little-known Facts Related to Ticks

Posted by https://www.pestworld.org/news-hub/pest-articles/interesting-tick-facts/ on 04.02.2018

Interesting Tick Facts

5 Little-known Facts Related to Ticks

It’s summertime, which means more sunshine and more time outdoors playing, hiking and exploring nature. Unfortunately, this can also mean more quality time with some of nature’s most nefarious pests. Ticks, which are commonly encountered in tall grass and wooded areas, are one such notorious pest. And it’s important to make sure that you protect yourself and your family.

Although small in size, ticks can cause big problems by spreading dangerous diseases like Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. So, before heading outdoors this summer, check out the following little-known facts about ticks to learn more about these biting buggers.

1. Ticks are not insects.

It’s true. Ticks are not insects, although they are often mistaken for them. Ticks are actually classified as arachnids, or relatives of spiders, scorpions and mites. If you look closely at a tick when identifying it, it kind of resembles a spider with its four pairs of legs and lack of antennae.

2. Ticks are mini, real-life vampires... They want to suck your blood.

Did you know that ticks require a blood meal to survive. That’s right! Ticks require blood for sustenance. Blacklegged ticks, for example, primarily feed on the blood of white-tailed deer, but they will also bite mice, small wild animals, birds and humans.

3. Ticks are daredevils.

Ticks don’t jump or fly. Instead, they crawl up low brush or grass to find a host. Then, they clasp on with their back legs and reach their front legs out to grab onto a passing animal or human. This process is called questing. Sometimes, they even drop from their perch and free fall onto a passing host. Talk about a risky move!

4. Ticks are dog lovers, too.

Some ticks species, like the American dog tick and brown dog tick, prefer dogs as hosts. Unfortunately, dogs are often easy targets when playing in the yard or going for a walk in wooded areas. If you’re a pet owner, don’t forget to check FIDO frequently for ticks, especially after walks or playtime, and regularly wash bedding and plush toys. If you have an indoor/outdoor cat, be sure to check it regularly for ticks too.

5. When it comes to feeding, ticks are in it for the long haul.

Unlike many other biting pests, ticks are adapted to feed for long periods of time. They bury their curved teeth deeply into the skin of a host, so they can remain securely attached for days on end to eat. It’s important to note that ticks typically require 24-48 hours of feeding before they can successfully transmit infections like Lyme disease, so prompt removal is crucial.

Were you surprised by any of these tick facts? Ticks may pose a threat to our health, especially during the summer when people – and pets alike – spend increased amounts of time in the great outdoors. However, that doesn’t mean we all have to stay bunkered down on house arrest over the next few weeks. If you plan on taking advantage of the warm weather by hiking, biking, camping or going on an outdoor adventure this season, just make sure to follow these five tips to prevent tick bites.

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5 Little-known Facts Related to Ticks

About Black Widow Spiders

Posted by https://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/spiders/ on 03.27.2018

Explore Spiders

Black Widow

The largest spider in the world is a species of tarantula found in South America where one specimen had a leg span of over 11 inches.

Spiders don't get caught in their own webs because they have self-oiling legs.

Many people associate spiders with webs, but the truth is not all spiders spin these silk structures, which are used to catch their prey. In fact, several species of spiders use different strategies for obtaining food.

There are about 3,000 species of spiders roaming around North America, but only two in the southern and western United States can cause serious harm when accidentally disturbed — the black widow and brown recluse.

Female black widow spiders have a red hourglass shape on their backs. Males have white spots on their sides. Males only live about a year, but the female can live up to 3 years. Hungry female black widow spiders have been known to kill the male spider after mating, but that isn’t always the case. Geographically, black widow spiders can be found in the Eastern, Central and Western United States.

•Size: 3/4" to 3/8"

•Shape: Round

•Color: Black with characteristic red "hourglass" on back

•Legs: 8

•Wings: No

•Antenna: No

•Common Name: Black widow spider

•Kingdom: Animalia

•Phylum: Arthropoda

•Class: Arachnida

•Order: Araneae

•Family: Theridiidae

•Species: Lactrodectrus mactans

•Diet:Black widow spiders eat other pests. Sometimes they even eat other spiders!

Habitat:Black widow spiders tend to live in cellars and in piles of wood or trash.

Impact:The bite of a female black widow spider can be poisonous but not deadly to humans. The male black widow spider does not bite. A black widow spider bite is pale in the middle with a red ring around it and is followed by severe cramping, weakness, sweating, headache, anxiety, itching, nausea, vomiting, difficult breathing and increased blood pressure.

Prevention:

Wear heavy gloves when moving things that have been stored for a long time.

Shake out your shoes before putting them on.

Just to be safe, stay away from spider webs.

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About Black Widow Spiders

Exploring Pill Bugs

Posted by on 03.19.2018

Pill Bugs

Did you know? The pill bug is the only crustacean that can spend its entire life on land.

The pill bug is the only crustacean that can spend its entire life on land. Their shells look like armor and they are known for their ability to roll into a ball. Sometimes children call them rollie-pollies. Most pill bugs live for up to two years. They are most active at night.

Size: 3/4"

Shape: Oval

Color: Dark brown to black

Wings: No

Antenna: Yes

Common Name: Pill bug

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Isopoda

Family: Armadillidiidae

Species: Armadillilium vulgare

Diet:Pill bugs mostly eat rotting vegetation like vegetables.

Habitat:Pill bugs live in wet locations. They are found under damp objects or in organic garbage. If pill bugs enter a building, they will often dry out and die.

Impact:Pill bugs do not spread diseases or contaminate food.

Prevention:

Keep your homes and the areas around your home clean and dry.

Eliminate food sources such as vegetable or plant debris.

To learn how to get rid of pill bugs and prevent infestations, visit the official NPMA website.

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Exploring Pill Bugs

Investigating Earwigs

Posted by https://www.completepestcontrolservices.com/blog on 03.13.2018

Most people have probably heard of earwigs at some point or another. These creepy-looking insects are associated with some urban myths. Learn the truth about earwigs, including what attracts them and how to help get rid of them.

Earwigs are medium-sized insects which have flat bodies (like silverfish) and are usually black or brown, some with stripes or reddish coloring on their head and limbs. These bugs can be anywhere from one-fourth of an inch to one and one-fourth inches long. Part of that length is made up of hard pincher-looking forceps that are used as a defense mechanism. They also have wings but rarely fly.

Earwigs are nocturnal feeders that dine on other insects, as well as vegetation like moss, fungi and lichens. Additionally, they do eat decaying organic material — think mulch or piles of leaves — and may also feed on greasy food items that may be left out in the kitchen.

One interesting earwig fact is that the females of some species actually care for their eggs and sometimes even tend to nymphs after they have hatched. This level of maternal behavior is uncommon among insects.

What Attracts Earwigs?

During the day, earwigs tend to hide out under rocks, bark or organic debris or stow away in other dark, damp places. However in some conditions, like a drought, earwigs may seek out damp, dark shelters inside of your home.

Indoors, earwigs may be attracted to materials that offer a source of cellulose and are in the process of decaying. If you have stacks of old boxes, books or papers laying around in a dark, cool basement, you might as well set out a tiny welcome mat for earwigs. They may also seek out food sources in your kitchen and tend to be attracted to oily, greasy or sweet foods.

What to Do if You Find Earwigs in Your Home

Earwigs are rarely harmful to humans, but that doesn’t mean you want them in your home. If you only see one of these insects every now and again, you can simply sweep it out of the house and then vacuum thoroughly.

However, if you start to suspect you have an infestation or want to help prevent bugs like these from entering your home in the first place, you’ll want to contact a professional pest control service, like Complete Pest Control Services for help. A trained technician can evaluate your problem and help you customize a pest control plan to fit your needs.

In addition, there are several steps you can take to try to make your home less attractive to earwigs:

Avoid decorating your yard with stones that earwigs can hide under

Don’t lay mulch down in layers that are more than 2 inches deep

Leave a 1-foot wide barrier between grass or shrubbery and your foundation or structural walls

Clean out rain gutters

Make sure rain gutters are positioned to carry water away from the home

Tidy your yard so that piles of organic debris, such as branches or leaves, are removed or far away from your house or other structures

Inspect the perimeter of your house and seal any cracks or entry points that earwigs may be able to slip through

Set up dehumidifiers in damp areas of your home

Have leaky faucets or plumbing fixed by a professional

Don’t leave pet food or water outside at night, if possible

Store foods in insect-proof containers

Wipe up spills from counters and stovetops

Vacuum regularly

Earwigs tend to stay outside and really only become an issue when they move inside. Fortunately, with a little preparation and the help of a pest control specialist, you may be able to decrease the likelihood of earwigs setting up camp in your home.

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Investigating Earwigs

11 Common Questions Answered About Boxelder Bugs

Posted by https://www.thespruce.com/answers-on-boxelder-bug-control-2656522?utm_sourc on 03.05.2018

An entomologist may find the red edging of its black wings to be rather pretty, but when boxelder bugs invade your home, they can become quite a nuisance! Although this red and black bug does not cause damage, few people enjoy having large insects crawling out of cracks, onto their walls, windows, lights, or furniture.

If you have ever had boxelder bugs invade your home, you've probably sought information on their identification and control.

Let's review some of the most commonly asked questions about this bug and how to control it.

1. How Do I Know If That Bug on My Wall Is a Boxelder Bug?

At about 1/2-inch long, boxelder bugs (Boisea trivittata) are black with three red stripes, vertical edge lines on their bodies, and red lines on the edges of its wings. These markings make it appear as though its wings form an upside-down V when they are resting with their wings lying flat.

2. Why Are These Large Bugs Coming Into My Home?

As their name implies, boxelder bugs are attracted to boxelder trees. If you have these, or silver maple trees to which they are also attracted, around your home or neighborhood, you are very likely to have boxelder bugs. In the fall, as they begin to seek shelter for the upcoming cold months of winter, they are attracted to the warm, sunny sides of homes. From there they slip between cracks and gaps in the siding, around doors and windows, etc., often ending up inside the home during the winter.

3. What Happens If I Don't Get Rid of Them?

The boxelders will overwinter in the walls of the home until the warmth brings them out. And that warmth can be the heated air from inside your home, bringing them out of the walls into the rooms of your home during the winter months. Like bugs such as stink bugs and squash bugs, boxelders can detect temperature differences of as little as one degree, so it doesn't take much for them to decide it's time to move further into a warmer environment.

4. Will the Bugs Bite or Me or My Family?

No, boxelders bugs do not bite or sting people.

5. I've Seen Some on My Trees and Plants. Will the Bugs Hurt the Foliage?

Although they live and breed in boxelder and silver maple trees and feed on the leaves, flowers, and seed pods, they do not cause damage. Boxelder bugs in and around houseplants are generally in search of moisture. Rarely will they cause any damage to these plants either.

6. Do Boxelder Bugs Cause Any Other Damage?

Not unless there are high populations. Boxelder bugs are primarily a nuisance pest. They only live for a few days and do not infest food or cause property damage, and they do not do not breed indoors. But when a lot of them get into your home, they can be very intrusive and annoying, and their excrement can stain surfaces such as walls, furniture, and drapes.

7. How Do I Get Rid of Boxelder Bugs That Get Into My Home?

Once the pests get in, physical removal is best, and really is the only practical way to get rid of them. A few options are:

Use a vacuum with a long hose attachment to gather up the bugs.

Directly spray the bugs with a dish soap/water solution (See question #10 below).

Sweep up dead bugs with a broom or vacuum.

Never squash a boxelder bug; this can stain the surface on which it is killed.

8. How Can I Keep the Bugs off My Home in the First Place?

A residual insecticide can be sprayed on the exterior walls of the home where the bugs are found. This is most effective in the spring or fall when the boxelder bugs are just beginning to emerge (spring) or shelter (fall). The residual will help to deter the bugs from landing, it will not remain effective once cold weather sets in. For do-it-yourselfers, there are retail products labeled for boxelder bug control. Be sure to purchase and use only products that are specifically labeled for this pest, read and follow all label directions, and use safety equipment.

9. Are There Any Non-Toxic Methods of Boxelder Bug Control?

According to the University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension, a solution of 1/2 cup dish soap to one gallon of water can kill boxelders when sprayed directly on the bugs that congregate on the exterior of your home.

However, this will not have a residual effect but would need to be reapplied every time the bugs gather.

10. How Can I Prevent Boxelder Bugs From Coming Into My Home?

The best prevention is to inspect your home for ways these bugs (and other pests) can be getting in, then build out the bugs by screening or caulking all cracks, crevices, gaps, and openings in your home; repairing any torn or broken door or window screens, and ensuring doors and windows are well-sealed; employing other exclusion techniques to reduce entry points and numbers.

11. Is There Any Way to Permanently Keep the Bugs Away From My Home?

The most permanent control of boxelder bugs is the removal of boxelder and silver maple trees near the home, as these are a source of food and place of breeding for the bugs when they are active during spring and summer, but this is not always practical or possible.

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11 Common Questions Answered About Boxelder Bugs

Explore Stink Bugs

Posted by https://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/stink-bugs/ on 02.26.2018

Stink Bugs

Did you know? Stink bugs are now found in 38 states ranging from coast to coast.

Originally found in East Asia, stink bugs were not even reported in the United States until the late 1990’s! They get their name from an unpleasant odor released when you crush them or when they are protecting their homes.

Size: 3/4"

Shape: Triangular

Color: Brown, gray or dark green

Legs: 6

Wings: Yes

Antenna: Yes

Common Name: Stink bug

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Hemiptera

Family: Pentatomidae

Species: Halymorpha halys

Diet:Stink bugs eat leaves, flowers, fruit and crops like soybeans. They also eat other pests, such as caterpillars.

Habitat:Stink bugs live in orchards, gardens and farms.

Impact:Stink bugs do not hurt humans, but they can cause a lot of damage to crops and plants.

Prevention:

Seal cracks around your house.

Replace damaged screen on doors and windows.

If you see a stink bug indoors vacuum them up and throw away the bag immediately.

If you see a stink bug in your garden, lightly spray the area with approved insecticides. Keep weeds around the garden in control and clean up the garden at the end of the growing season.

Hand pick stink bugs in early morning when they are slow moving.

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Explore Stink Bugs

Explore Lice

Posted by https://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/lice/ on 02.20.2018

Lice

Did you know? Lice eggs are called nits.

Explore Lice

Chewing Lice Sucking Lice

Even though they are extremely small, both lice and their eggs can be seen with the naked eye.

A single female produces between 80 and 100 eggs in her lifetime.

A single host can be infested by thousands of lice at one time!

There is a handful of human lice species found worldwide and throughout the United States. The most common types of lice include head lice, body lice and crab lice. Only the body louse can transmit diseases to people.

Chewing Lice

There are over 2,500 different kinds of chewing lice. They get their name because their mouths are designed specifically for chewing. They have claw like features on at the end of their legs that enable them to stay on a host.

Size: 1/4"

Shape: Small, oval

Color: Dark grey

Legs: 6

Wings: No

Antenna: Yes

Common Name: Chewing lice

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Mallophaga

Family: Varies

Species: Varies

Diet:Chewing lice feed on feathers, hair, blood, scales and skin.

Habitat:They live on mammals and birds but are not found on humans.

Impact:Chewing lice can cause itching and small welts on the skin. Their bites can result in hair and feather loss, blood loss and even skin infection if not managed.Depending on how well animals are groomed, some may become weak due to blood loss and become vulnerable to disease while some animals may be infested with lice and show no ill effects.

Prevention:Keep animals clean and treat with specialty flea and tick shampoo and grooming products.

Sucking Lice

There are over 500 different species of sucking lice. The most commonly found species of sucking lice are "head lice" and "crab lice". They get their name because their mouths are designed specifically to suck blood.

Size: 1/12"

Shape: Seed like

Color: Whitish

Legs: 6

Wings: Yes

Antenna: Yes

Common Name: Sucking lice

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Phthiraptera

Family: Pediculidae

Species: Peduculus humanus

Diet:Sucking lice are parasites. They feed on blood and only appear on mammals. Most species of Sucking lice prefer to feed off rodents. "Head lice" and "crab lice" are more commonly found on humans.

Habitat:The only way "head lice" can get food and water is by sucking blood from the scalp but they can be found on other parts of the body. They can spread from one person to the next through contact with bedding, clothing or by sharing combs. "Head lice" are common problems in crowded places, such as elementary schools, since children tend to share clothing more and frequently come into close contact with each other.

"Crab lice" are usually found in other areas containing hair, such as beards, eyebrows, armpits and the pubic region. "Crab lice" are not as common in places such as schools, since they can only be spread through direct physical contact.

Impact:Hundreds of years ago, due to lack of hygiene and over crowding in dirty conditions, lice were considered deadly because they carried deadly diseases such as typhus. Today, Sucking lice are not really considered a health threat, but their bites may result in itching and redness around the area of the bite.

If you suspect exposure to lice, wash all clothes, bedding, combs, towels, etc. You can also use special combs, shampoos and conditioners designed specifically to treat lice. Also, try saturating hair with baby oil at night to kill both lice and their eggs. If you do this, wrap a towel around your head to keep from soiling your bedding and be sure to wash your hair thoroughly in the morning.

Prevention:

Avoid using other people's combs, hats, towels, etc.

Have someone check your scalp at least once a month to make sure you have not been exposed.

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Explore Lice

Opossum

Posted by https://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/opossums/ on 02.13.2018

Did you know? The opossum is the only marsupial native to the United States.

Opossum

Commonly known as "possums", these pests are the only marsupial native to the United States. They are closely related to the Kangaroo and Koala. They are light gray in color and basically look like big rats. Opossums have five toes on each foot and a tail with no fur.

A female gives birth twice a year, 13 days after conception, to 5 to 8 babies that remain in her pouch until able to walk around on their own by about 4 months of age. Baby opossums are so tiny at birth that 10 can fit in a teaspoon! The opossum’s long pink tail is prehensile, meaning it can be used as a fifth hand.

Size: 33" long, 12" tall

Shape: Possum

Color: Gray

Legs: 4

Wings: No

Antenna: No

Common Name: Opossum

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mamaalia

Order: Didelphimorphia

Family: Didelphidae

Species: Didelphis virginiana

Diet:Opossums like to eat garbage, fruit, vegetables, green plants, snails, slugs, snakes, and insects, including cockroaches, crickets, and beetles. They catch and eat rats and mice. They also eat dead animals of all types.

Habitat:Opossums move around a lot. They typically live in hollow logs, rock crevices, pipes, attics, and beneath buildings.

Impact:Opossums are non-aggressive and non-destructive. They do not dig into the soil or destroy property. They will not harm people or pets. However, they are wild animals and should not be handled. An opossum will use its 50 pointy teeth to defend itself if necessary.

Prevention:

Do not leave pet food out at night.

Pick up fallen fruit.

Clear away bushes, woodpiles and other hiding places.

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Opossum

About Moths

Posted by https://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/moths/ on 02.07.2018

Moths

Green Forester Moth

Did you know? Male silk moths can detect female moths up to several miles away.

A Mexican "Jumping" Bean jumps because a moth larva living inside the bean squirms when it gets warm.

The female moth lays between 60 and 300 eggs

There are about 13,000 species of moths in North America and about 165,000 species in the world.

Silk comes from the cocoons of the true Silk Moth. More than 25,000 cocoons must be unraveled to make a single pound of silk thread

Some kinds of moths can stay active in freezing weather because their bodies contain a natural anti-freeze that keeps sharp ice crystals from breaking their cells.

Most moths are nocturnal but seem to be attracted to light (for example, a porch light or a fire). One reason is that because moths are nocturnal, they navigate, or find their way around by using the moon as a point of reference. Moths can become confused by any other light source and they basically get "lost". As a result, they typically stay where they are, making it look like they are attracted to the light.

Find information on moth pest control at the official NPMA website.

Indian Meal Moths

Indian Meal Moths

The Indianmeal moth was given its name after an insect scientist found it feeding on corn meal, also known as Indianmeal. They typically live from two to six months.

Size: 5/8"

Shape: Elongated, oval

Color: Copper reddish

Legs: 6

Wings: Yes

Antenna: Yes

Common Name: Indian meal moth

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidotera

Family: Pyralidae

Species: Plodia interpuctella

Diet:Indianmeal moths feed on dried fruits, grains, seeds, nuts, chocolate, candies, bird seed, dog food, powdered milk, dried red peppers and candy.

Habitat:Attracted to the light, these bugs are found in bright places where food is stored like restaurants and grocery stores.

Impact:Moths infest foods and can contaminate food products by leaving skin and waste behind.

Prevention:

Store food in sealed containers.

Discard infested foods in outdoor trash bins.

Clean infested cupboards thoroughly with a vacuum and soap and water.

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About Moths

Explore Spiders

Posted by https://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/spiders/ on 01.30.2018

Did you know? There are over 35,000 species of spiders.

Explore Spiders

Black Widow SpidersBrown Recluse Spiders

The largest spider in the world is a species of tarantula found in South America where one specimen had a leg span of over 11 inches.

Spiders don't get caught in their own webs because they have self-oiling legs.

Many people associate spiders with webs, but the truth is not all spiders spin these silk structures, which are used to catch their prey. In fact, several species of spiders use different strategies for obtaining food.

There are about 3,000 species of spiders roaming around North America, but only two in the southern and western United States can cause serious harm when accidentally disturbed — the black widow and brown recluse.

Black Widow Spiders

Female black widow spiders have a red hourglass shape on their backs. Males have white spots on their sides. Males only live about a year, but the female can live up to 3 years. Hungry female black widow spiders have been known to kill the male spider after mating, but that isn’t always the case. Geographically, black widow spiders can be found in the Eastern, Central and Western United States.

Size: 3/4" to 3/8"

Shape: Round

Color: Black with characteristic red "hourglass" on back

Legs: 8

Wings: No

Antenna: No

Common Name: Black widow spider

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Arachnida

Order: Araneae

Family: Theridiidae

Species: Lactrodectrus mactans

Diet:Black widow spiders eat other pests. Sometimes they even eat other spiders!

Habitat:Black widow spiders tend to live in cellars and in piles of wood or trash.

Impact:The bite of a female black widow spider can be poisonous but not deadly to humans. The male black widow spider does not bite. A black widow spider bite is pale in the middle with a red ring around it and is followed by severe cramping, weakness, sweating, headache, anxiety, itching, nausea, vomiting, difficult breathing and increased blood pressure.

Prevention:

Wear heavy gloves when moving things that have been stored for a long time.

Shake out your shoes before putting them on.

Just to be safe, stay away from spider webs.

Brown Recluse Spiders

Brown recluse spiders get their name because of their tendency to hide in corners. They are identified by the dark brown violin shaped markings on their back. Native to Kansas, Texas, Oklahoma and Mississippi, they are nocturnal pests.

Size: 5/8"

Shape: Round

Color: Light to dark brown, with a dark brown violin shaped marking on their back.

Legs: 8

Wings: No

Antenna: No

Common Name: Brown recluse spider

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Arachnida

Order: Araneae

Family: Sicariidae

Species: Loxosceles reclusa

Diet:Brown recluse spiders eat other bugs like cockroaches and crickets.

Habitat:Brown recluse spiders live in cellars and in piles of wood or trash.

Impact:The brown recluse spider only bites to protect itself. Its bite is painful and can produce an open, ulcerating sore. The center of their bite becomes a blister surrounded by an angry-looking red ring, which is then surrounded by a white ring. A red, itchy rash usually appears in the first 24-48 hours of being bitten. Other symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting and muscle aches.

Prevention:

Don’t leave clothing on the floor.

Store clothes and shoes inside plastic containers and shake them out before wearing them.

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Explore Spiders

Dust Mites

Posted by https://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/dust-mites/ on 01.26.2018

Dust Mites

The dust mite is nearly impossible to see without magnification. A typical mattress can contain tens of thousands of dust mites.

Nearly 100,000 mites can live in a single square yard of carpet!

Size: 1/75"

Shape: Flat, broad, oval

Color: Off white to tan

Legs: 8

Wings: No

Antenna: No

Common Name: Dust mite

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Arachnida

Order: Acariformes

Family: Pyroglyphidae

Species: Dermatophagoides farinae

Diet:Dust mites primarily feed on dead skin shed by humans and other animals. They can also absorb moisture from the air.

Habitat:Dust mites are most often found in beds. They may also be found living in carpet, furniture, and clothing.

Impact:Dust mites are harmless to most people. They carry small foreign proteins, often referred to as "allergens". They don't carry diseases, but these proteins can cause allergic reactions in people by triggering the immune system to over react.

Prevention:

Change your sheets often.

Vacuum frequently.

Use a vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter.

If dust mites are a real problem in your home, call a pest management professional.

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Dust Mites

Eight Fascinating Facts You Never Knew about Mice

Posted by https://www.pestworld.org/news-hub/pest-articles/fascinating-facts-you-neve on 01.18.2018

House mice are said to be the most common mammal in the U.S., so it’s no surprise that many homeowners report dealing with infestations at one time or another. Because mice are so common, you may think you already know all there is to know about this household pest, but think again!

Here are eight fascinating mouse facts you probably don’t know:

1. If you have a mouse infestation, rest assured you are not alone.

Each winter, mice and other rodents invade an estimated 21 millions homes in the United States. Mice typically enter our homes between October and February, looking for food, water and shelter from the cold.

2. Mice have big appetites.

Despite their tiny bodies (and even smaller stomachs!), mice eat between 15 and 20 times a day. Because of their frequent eating habits, they prefer to build their homes near food sources.

3. They are little gymnasts.

Mice are good jumpers, climbers and swimmers. In fact, mice can jump a foot into the air, allowing them to easily climb up onto kitchen counters or into pantries to access food. To prevent mice and other pests from getting into your food, store all pantry items items in hard, plastic containers with a tightly sealed lid.

4. …and little Houdinis!

Mice can squeeze through openings as small as the size of a dime. This means that a small crack or opening on the exterior of your home (such as where utility pipes enter) is like an open door for mice. Prevent mice from gaining access to your home by sealing any openings on the exterior with a silicone caulk. You can also fill gaps and holes inside your home with steel wool.

5. They have relatively short lifespans.

In the wild, mice usually only live for about five months, mostly because of predators such as cats, snakes and foxes. In a lab setting, mice can live for up to two years.

6. They spread more germs than you know.

Sure, you know that mice can spread diseases like Hantavirus and Salmonella, but that’s just the beginning. In fact, mice can actually carry as many as 200 human pathogens!

7. Mice aren’t potty-trained.

Okay, so you already knew that. But did you know that a house mouse produces between 40 and 100 droppings per day? In addition, house mice constantly give off micro-droplets of urine as they travel around their territory every day. However, if you’re looking for a silver lining, house mice (like all rodents) do not vomit.

One mouse can turn into many mice…quickly!

A female house mouse can give birth when they are only two months old, and they are able to have to up to a dozen babies every three weeks. This means she could have as many as 150 offspring in a single year! If you spot a mouse in your home, it is safe to assume there are more or there will be soon. It’s best to contact a licensed pest professional before the infestation grows out of control.

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Eight Fascinating Facts You Never Knew about Mice

Wolf Spiders

Posted by http://www.pestworld.org/pest-guide/spiders/wolf-spiders/ on 01.10.2018

Unlike most spiders, wolf spiders don't hunt with webs. Instead, they chase their prey using their fast running ability. These spiders are often big and hairy which alarms some people, but they are primarily nuisance pests. Over 100 species of wolf spiders are found in the United States and Canada.

Pest Stats

Color

Usually dark brown, often with paler (or sometimes yellow) stripes or markings

Legs

8

Shape

Stout-robust body with long, spiny legs

Size

3/8 – 1 3/8“ (female) 1/4 – 3/4“ (male)

Antennae

No

Region

Found throughout U.S.

Habits

Wolf spiders actively hunt during the night and usually rest in sheltered places during the day. They are fast on their feet and pursue prey. Because of these habits, wolf spiders are commonly seen by people.

Habitat

Wolf spiders may enter structures in search of prey. Although they are not inclined to be permanent residents in structures, they often stay once inside. Indoors, wolf spiders tend to remain at or near floor level, especially along walls and under furniture. Outside, wolf spiders can be found under stones, landscape timbers, firewood, leaves and other debris.

Threats

Because wolf spiders feed on a variety of insects, including crop pests, they can be beneficial. Wolf spiders can bite, but it's extremely rare to experience a wolf spider bite unprovoked. They will only bite if they are handled. The presence of wolf spiders in homes is usually accidental.

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Wolf Spiders

Household Pests

Posted by https://www.planetnatural.com/pest-problem-solver/household-pests/ on 01.04.2018

Household Pests

All homes occasionally run into problems with household pests. While most are merely a nuisance, some may bite, sting or transmit disease. A few may even cause serious structural damage which can impact the value of your house. While it may seem easier to reach for a can of bug spray, this may not be the best way to fix the problem. Many homeowners today are growing leery of the harmful effects of household chemicals and are turning to safer, least-toxic solutions.

Understanding the problem is the first step in finding a healthy solution. Once a pest is identified, you will be better able to determine the factors which limit its reproduction and survival potential. For example, all pests need water, shelter and food to survive. By limiting one or more of these basic necessities you can significantly impact the number of pests present. Combined with natural control measures (listed below), a longer lasting, more significant impact is made.

There are at least 12,000 species of ants found throughout the world. Here’s how to get rid of them using organic and natural techniques.

Common in and around the home, ants range in size from about 1/32 to 3/4 inch long. They have three body parts (head, thorax and abdomen) and can be anywhere from a yellowish-red in color to black. Most ants are wingless, but winged forms exist during “swarming” or colony reproduction.

As a group, ants are important natural predators of many insect pests including flea and fly larvae, caterpillars and termites. However, there are times when it may be necessary to control ants especially when they enter our homes in search of food. Some ant species become problems in lawns and gardens when they build large unsightly mounds or protect aphids, mealybugs, scales and other insect pests from their natural enemies. Ants can also damage plants by tunneling around the roots causing them to dry out.

Tip: Look closely to determine if what you see is an ant or a termite. Ants have narrow waists and bent antennae. Termites have thick waists and straight antennae.

Life Cycle

All ants are social insects and live in colonies with three distinct types of adults called castes. Queens are larger than other ants and are responsible for egg laying. Some species have only one queen per colony whereas others have many. Males are responsible for mating with the queens; they do not participate in any other activities. Workers are sterile wingless females. They make up the bulk of the colony and are responsible for building and defending the nest, caring for the young and foraging for food.

New ant colonies are established by a single fertilized queen that lays hundreds of eggs. After about 30 days the eggs hatch into legless larvae that do not resemble adults. The queen cares for the “maggot-like” larvae until they pupate approximately 1-2 months later. Within three weeks the pupae transform into adult “worker” ants, which begin collecting food for themselves, the queen and for future generations of larvae. Eggs are laid continuously throughout the spring, summer and fall. Colonies overwinter in the soil, woody areas or in garden trash.

Note: Ants have pincer-like jaws and can bite although most do not. A few species are very aggressive and will inflict a painful sting. Here’s how to get rid of ants without harming your family, pets or the environment.

Control

Like all pests, ants require food and water to survive; by eliminating these basic necessities you can greatly reduce their numbers.

Store food and organic wastes in sealed containers, clean up all kitchen surfaces and empty trash daily.

Caulk cracks and crevices around foundations and apply Don’t Bug Me Spray to door and window jams to prevent entry from outside.

Where pipes and electrical wires enter the house spread Tanglefoot Pest Barrier to keep crawling pests outside.

Diatomaceous earth contains no toxic poisons and works quickly on contact. Dust lightly and evenly around areas where pest insects are found.

Apply Organic Insect Killer Granules around foundations, lawns and landscaped areas to eliminate or repel all kinds of crawling insects.

Dust Boric Acid lightly into cracks, crevices, wall voids and other insect hiding places. This fine powder clings to the legs, antennae and bodies of crawling insects and acts as a stomach poison when consumed during grooming.

Spray Orange Guard, made from citrus peel extract, to kill on contact. Approved for organic use, Orange Guard is a broad spectrum insect killer that’s safe to use indoors and out. Repeat applications may be necessary.

Safer Ant & Roach Killer is the first effective, truly organic aerosol that kills crawling insects in seconds. Best of all, it has a fresh citrus scent, so there is no chemical odor!

Tip: The best way to keep ants from coming indoors is to locate the mound and destroy the colony. While this is not always an easy task sometimes a chunk of jelly placed where ants are found will help. As the workers are attracted to the food source pay close attention as they carry it back to their nest. Set pre-filled outdoor bait stations where you find ant mounds or their trails. Botanical pesticides applied directly to the soil will also destroy existing mounds.

Note: Ants are not only pests but can be beneficial, too! Try to tolerate them when only a few are present.

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Household Pests

Explore Birds

Posted by http://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/birds/ on 12.29.2017

Did you know? There are almost 9,000 species of bird in the world.

Explore Birds

Pigeons Starlings Woodpeckers

Birds are feathered, winged, egg-laying vertebrates. They spend most of their day gathering food to support their fast metabolism. Some birds eat a variety of foods while others prefer seeds, insects and worms. A few types of birds migrate far distances at certain times of the year, flying at night and feeding during the day.

Pigeons

Pigeons are also known as "rock doves". They are monogamous and will lay one to two eggs that hatch within eighteen days.

Size: Up to 11"

Shape: Bird

Color: Grey, white and black

Legs: 2

Wings: Yes

Antenna: No

Common Name: Pigeon

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Columbiformes

Family: Columbidae

Species: Columba livia

Diet:Baby pigeons eat food that their parents eat and then regurgitate (throw up). Adult pigeons eat almost any organic food they can find.

Habitat:Pigeons build nests around farms, warehouses, mills and grain storage. They also inhabit parks, buildings and bridges in cities.

Impact:Pigeons are very dirty because they do not really clean themselves and they will live almost anywhere, under almost any conditions. They can cause food poisoning and spread disease such as cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, toxoplasmosis, salmonella. Their droppings can destroy buildings and statues. Other pests like fleas, lice, mites and ticks that also spread disease may live on these birds.

Prevention:

Make it hard for pigeons to build a nest.

Fill in any holes in your house and don’t leave a lot of open space on flat surfaces where they might be able to build a nest.

Keep all food and water out of their reach. Don’t leave garbage laying around, do not leave food out, keep birdbaths clean and do not litter.

Do not feed the pigeons!

Find information on pigeon pest control at the official NPMA website.

Starlings

Starlings

European Starlings were introduced in New York over a hundred years ago. These birds may produce two groups of offspring per year, each with four to seven babies.

Size: About 6"

Shape: Bird

Color: Dark with light spectacles on feathers

Legs: 2

Wings: Yes

Antenna: No

Common Name: Starling or European Starling

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Passeriformes

Family: Sturnidae

Species: Sturnus vulgaris

Diet:Starlings love seeds but in the spring and summer they look for baby insects (grubs). They will forage in open trash containers and will eat spilled food in parks and picnic sites.

Habitat:Starlings can be found anywhere from farms to cities. They usually travel in flocks and graze in short grass. They also build nests in trees or in gutters.

Impact:Starlings will nest in trees and eat fruit, making them a big problem for fruit farmers. Their droppings may weaken steel and lead to structural damage. When their droppings get on the ground, fungus grows and can lead to diseases such as histoplasmosis. Starlings are also known for flying into airplanes, occasionally causing them to crash.

Prevention:

Seal openings in your house so the Starlings cannot build their nests there.

Trim trees and keep gutters clean. Loud noises also make them go away.

Woodpeckers

There are 21 species of Woodpeckers in the United States. These birds are federally protected and cannot be destroyed. These birds can have two or three broods per year, each with three to six babies.

Woodpeckers have an extra-thick skull, so they do not get a headache from all that pecking!

Size: 7-15"

Shape: Bird

Color: Red, black and white

Legs: 2

Wings: Yes

Antenna: No

Common Name: Woodpecker

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Piciformes

Family: Picidae

Species: Varies

Diet:Woodpeckers eat insects found in trees. When they hear an insect under the bark, they peck a hole with their beaks. Their beaks are long, straight and pointy, good for making holes. Their tongues are really long with a sharp end for sticking bugs inside the tree. Their tongue is also sticky, so it can attach to ants in the tree or lick up sap. They also collect nuts and berries to eat and will sometimes eat peanut butter from bird feeders.

Habitat:Woodpeckers usually live in or near trees. They can also nest in buildings, fences and large poles.

Impact:Damaged caused by woodpeckers can range from holes in wood to damaged siding and air conditioning units.

Prevention:

Most people just use noise to scare woodpeckers away from their homes.

Remember, woodpeckers are Federally protected so any prevention or control must follow Federal laws.

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Explore Birds

Explore Bees

Posted by http://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/bees/ on 12.18.2017

Beekeepers use smoke to calm bees when they are collecting honey or relocating a hive.

Bees make honey to feed their young and so they have something to eat during the winter.

Killer bees have been known to chase people for over a 1/4 mile once they get excited and aggressive.

Certain species of bees die after stinging because their stingers, which are attached to their abdomen, have little barbs or hooks on them. When this type of bee tries to fly away after stinging something, part of the abdomen is ripped away.

There are about 20,000 different species of bees in the world. Bees live in colonies that contain the queen bee, the worker bee and the drone. The worker bee and the queen bee are both female, but only the queen bee can reproduce. All drones are male. Worker bees clean the hive, collecting pollen and nectar to feed the colony and they take care of the offspring. The drone’s only job is to mate with the queen. The queen’s only job is to lay eggs.

Bees store their venom in a sac attached to their stinger and only female bees sting. That is because the stinger, called an ovipositor, is part of the female bee’s reproductive design. A queen bee uses her ovipositor to lay eggs as well as sting. Sterile females, also called worker bees, don’t lay eggs. They just use their ovipositors to sting.

Bees see all colors except the color red. That and their sense of smell help them find the flowers they need to collect pollen. Not only is pollen a food source for bees, but also some of the pollen is dropped in flight, resulting in cross pollination. The relationship between the plant and the insect is called symbiosis.

Find information on bee pest control at the official NPMA website.

Bumble Bees

Bumblebees are considered to be beneficial insects because they pollinate crops and plants. They are very social bees and live in large "families".

Unlike honeybees, bumblebees can sting more than once because their stingers are smooth and do not get caught in the skin when they fly away.

Size: 1"

Shape: Oval, bee shaped

Color: Black with yellow stripes

Legs: 6

Wings: Yes

Antenna: Yes

Common Name: Bumble bee

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Hymenoptera

Family: Apidae

Species: Bombus

Diet:Worker bees gather both pollen and nectar from flowers to feed to the larvae and other members of the colony.

Habitat:Bumblebees often nest in the ground, but can be found above ground around patio areas or decks. They will sometimes build their nests in attics or under roof beams. If disturbed, bumblebees will buzz in a loud volume, and they will aggressively defend their nests.

Impact:As part of the aggressive defense of their nests, bumblebees will chase nest invaders for long distances. The bumblebee sting is one of the most painful stings. Swelling and irritation can last for days after you are actually stung.

Prevention:

Bumblebees can be prevented through inspection of potential nesting areas and removal of potential nesting materials.

Because bumblebees will sting when threatened, homeowners are advised not to address the infestation themselves. A pest management professional or beekeeper should be called in to help.

Find information on bumble bee pest control at the official NPMA website.

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Explore Bees

Pests - Beetles

Posted by http://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/beetles/ on 12.11.2017

Adult beetles have two sets of wings.

Female beetles usually lay dozens or hundreds of eggs.

Most beetles only live for a year.

Beetles cannot see very well, so they communicate using pheromones, sounds or vibrations.

Some beetles are not considered pests. "Ladybugs" are beetles and are considered to be good luck in many cultures. "Fireflies" and "Lightning bugs" are also beetles. They glow in the dark to communicate.

There are 12,000 different kinds of beetles in the United States and over 300,000 species in the world. Beetles are found on land and in fresh water and can adapt to almost any environment. Beetles usually just live where they eat.

Beetles can both hurt and help the environment. Some beetle species destroy crops or property, while some species help get rid of garbage, eat dead trees or help pollinate flowers.

Find information on beetle pest control at the official NPMA website.

Carpet Beetles

Varied carpet beetles get their name from the rainbow of color on their backs. It can take up to three years for them to grow from an egg to an adult. Adult beetles only live between 13 and 44 days!

Size: 1/16"

Shape: Round

Color: Black centers, with white, brown and yellow patches.

Legs: 6

Wings: Yes

Antenna: Yes

Common Name: Varied carpet beetle

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Coleoptera

Family: Dermestidae

Species: Anthrenus verbasci

Diet:Varied Carpet beetles mostly eat carpet, wool, dead insects, furs, hides, feathers, horns, hair, silk and bones.

Habitat:Varied carpet beetles are found in attics, wool carpets, tapestries and wall-to-wall carpeting.

Impact:Varied carpet beetles can ruin clothing, upholstery and carpet by eating it.

Prevention:

Since beetles are drawn to fibers, to protect your clothing keep your clothes off the floor, store un-used clothing in plastic bags or containers and dry clean clothing before storing it.

Powder Post Beetles

There are 11 species of Powder Post beetles in the United States. They have long, narrow, flat bodies. Adult beetles fly and are attracted to light.

Size: 1/8" to 1/4"

Shape: Narrow, oval

Color: Reddish brown to black

Legs: 6

Wings: Yes

Antenna: Yes

Common Name: Powder post beetle

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Coleoptera

Family: Lyctidae

Species: Lyctus brunneus

Diet:Lyctid Powder Post beetles usually feed on hard woods.

Habitat:Lyctid Powder Post beetles lay their eggs in cracks of wood. They are found in hardwood floors, timbers and crates, antiques and other things made of hard wood.

Impact:Lyctid Powder Post beetles dig holes in wood. They can kill or damage trees and things made from wood like furniture. There are even documented cases that powder post beetles have destroyed houses!

Prevention:

Inspect wood sources around the home.

Paint or seal any exposed or raw wood in your home.

Merchant Grain Beetles

These beetles have extremely flat bodies. This body shape allows them to crawl into packaged foods to eat, live and reproduce. It only takes them about 3-4 weeks to grow from baby to adult and an adult Merchant Grain beetle can live up to 3 years.

Merchant Grain beetles can be found all over the world and can live in cooler climates. Once confused with a kind of beetle that does eat grain, the Merchant beetle was scientifically re-categorized, but the name stuck. These beetles get their name because they were commonly found on merchant ships, hiding in organic cargo.

Size: 1/10" to 1/8"

Shape: Narrow, oval, flat

Color: Brown

Legs: 6

Wings: Yes

Antenna: Yes

Common Name: Merchant Grain Beetle

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Coleoptera

Family: Anobiidae

Species: Lyctus

Diet:Merchant grain beetles don’t really eat whole grain products. They are drawn to foods high in fat, such as cereals, cake mixes, macaroni, cookies and chocolate.

Habitat:Merchant grain beetles are found in pantries or in food processing areas or warehouses.

Impact:Merchant grain beetles can get into stored food and can contaminate food by laying eggs and leaving waste behind.

Prevention:

Discard infested packages.

Clean up spilled grain and food.

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Pests - Beetles

How Much Dead Animal Removal Cost?

Posted by http://www.aaanimalcontrol.com/Professional-Trapper/deadanimalcost.html on 12.04.2017

If you have a dead animal in your house or building, the total cost will probably run between $150-$250 to find and remove the dead animal, and decontaminate the area. Some people charge more to cut holes to remove the dead carcass and seal the hole up afterward.

If you just have a dead animals outside that needs to be picked up, the cost will be lower, since the job is a simple matter of a service trip, containment, and incineration or other disposal.

Raccoons are usually classified as a pest species due to their habits of living in human dwellings. The most common complaints include the following:

Raccoons living in the attic

Raccoons living in the chimney

Tipping over garbage cans

Stealing pet food or bird seed

Sick, potentially rabid raccoon

Presence is alarming dogs/pets

For these reasons, many people wish to have this nuisance animal trapped and removed.

How to Get rid of them: The primary approaches are trapping, prevention, or repellents, as outlined and discussed below in detail.

Trapping: Trapping is always an option for wildlife removal. However, it's not always so cut and dry. Much of the time, simple trapping does not solve the problem. The majority of cases of do-it-yourself raccoon trapping have gone awry. It's common to catch the wrong animal - a stray cat, a skunk, or opossum, or the wrong raccoon. You want your raccoon problem to go away - if the coon is tipping your garbage can, pooping in your pool, killing your ornamental fish or birds, or whatever. But if you trap, you want to be sure to get the right animal, in the right way, and do it legally. It must be done correctly, with the right type of trap - one at least 12x12x32 to hold raccoons, and sturdy steel or solid-wall. Raccoons are very strong and crafty and have a way of breaking out of traps. Novices just get so many things wrong. It took me years of trapping to learn to always get it right. So many little factors go into successful trapping. For more information read my raccoon trapping guide. You have to be conscious of the safety and welfare of the animal, and relocate it at least ten miles away, in an acceptable location. It's probably against the law for you to trap and relocate raccoons if you are not licensed - it's illegal in most states. A properly licensed trapper, who knows wildlife and has experience, is vaccinated against rabies, and who can do it safely and legally, is the best option.

Raccoons in the Attic: PLEASE do not try to trap and remove if you have raccoons in the attic. Nine times out of ten, there's baby raccoons up there! If you trap and remove the mother, you will have a BIG PROBLEM on your hands, and you will likely cause further house damage, noise, suffering of cute little raccoons, and a terrible odor as the babies die and decompose. Click here for my special guide on How to Get Raccoons Out of an Attic, the most comprehensive guide to attic raccoon removal on the web. This is not a job for homeowners! Call a pro!

Prevention: Now here's something anyone can do. Secure your garbage can and strap the lid down with bungee cords. If you want to get rid of raccoons in your yard, don't leave out pet food. Lock your doggie-doors. If you want to get rid of raccoons in your house, make sure your house is secure, with no holes or openings into the attic. If they are getting under the house or under the deck, you can install an exclusion barrier of steel mesh. And remove whatever is attracting the raccoons - if they're pooping in the pool, put a board with spikes on the steps. If they're tearing their way into your screened porch to swipe at your pet bird, bring the bird inside! Common sense.

Top 10 Tips for How to Get Rid of Raccoons:

If the raccoons are in your attic, inspect your house to identify the entry points.

When raccoons live in your attic or any part of your house, it is almost always a female raccoon with a litter of babies. Be sure to remove the babies as well as the adult.

You can sometimes intimidate a female and it will leave on its own with the young. Accomplish this via physical harassment and the use of raccoon eviction fluid.

Remove the litter of baby raccoons by hand, place in a pillow case, and use them as "live bait" to lure the mother into a cage trap, in the back of a trap with a divider mechanism.

When trapping, use a large sturdy steel cage trap, at least 12"x12"x32". Always set the trap in the shade, to prevent overheating. Make sure the trap is on a solid, level surface.

Bait is not terribly important. Location of trap, and a sturdy set with proper tension matters more. However, avoid meat-based baits to prevent the capture of stray cats. Use marshmallows.

If a raccoon is tipping over your garbage cans, either bring the cans indoors, or strap the lids down with bungee cords.

If a raccoon is eating pet food or bird seed, you will need to temporarily remove these attractants from the outdoors for a period of weeks, until the raccoon gives up.

If a raccoon is pooping in a swimming pool or trampling a garden, a physical deterrent, such as a board with nails pointing up, fencing, water sprayer, or shock track can keep them away.

If it is legal for you to trap raccoons, and relocate them in your state, bring them at least ten miles away from the capture site to prevent them from returning.

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How Much Dead Animal Removal Cost?

5 Common House Pests That Can Affect Your Health

Posted by https://www.motherearthliving.com/your-natural-home/common-house-pests-that on 11.27.2017

Pests are more than just ugly looking critters that chew through your wiring. Many can cause serious health problems for you and your loved ones.

Mice

A common pest in most rural areas, mice may be considered easier on the eyes than the other creatures we have on this list, but they are by far one of the worst offenders when it comes to health risks. Like most pests, mice will scour your house in search of a meal; however, even if they don’t get into your food they will still contaminate your kitchen area.

Mice constantly dribble urine, meaning any surface they come into contact with instantly becomes contaminated. This steady stream means that any diseases they carry such as salmonella or meningitis, both of which can severely affect humans, will be guaranteed to find their way onto your floors and countertops. What makes this even worse is that mouse urine dries fast, becoming invisible, so you might be placing your bread down on a pile of nasty, mouse-ridden bacteria without even knowing.

Cockroaches

Roaches are a firm favorite for the most disgusting looking pests around, but while they are offensive to look at, the risks they pose to humans are even worse. Cockroaches live in sewer environments and come up into homes in search of food and warmth. While they scuttle about your countertops and kitchen cupboards they are leaving behind bacteria, parasites and pathogens, all of which can affect humans. However, roaches don’t need to contaminate a surface to harm you. They can do it simply by existing. Droppings, urine, decaying roach bodies and shed skin all break down and become air born particles— particles that can pose a serious risk to asthmatics, especially children. The floating roach dust gets into the lungs and causes allergic reactions, proving to be worse for asthma suffers than dog hair, cat fur or even conventional dust.

Bed Bugs

As it turns out, you really don’t want to let the bed bugs bite. While they are not carriers of harmful diseases or parasites, they can affect you in other ways. Not only can their bites cause rashes, scars and lesions, but they can have serious psychological effects.

Bed bugs are exactly that, bugs that live within the woodwork of your bed. Infestations are very hard to get rid of and can take a long time to destroy, leaving you to sleep in an itchy, pest-ridden bed for extended periods of time. The result of sharing your bed with these bugs can cause anxiety, stress, sleep deprivation and depression. Not only does it cause these psychological problems, but these bugs push their hosts to do whatever it takes to get rid of them. This often leads to property damage, inhalation of dangerous chemicals, and even fire hazards as sufferers resort to burning infested furniture and flooring in pure desperation.

Fleas

Fleas are flightless, but they have powerful legs and can easily jump onto your pet’s fur when they are running through an infested area, such as long grass. These tiny blood drinkers will attach themselves to anything living, including you. While their bites can give you an allergic reaction, and even cause a severe and dangerous anaphylaxis in some people, fleas can have a nastier side if accidentally swallowed. Although this is rare, mostly occurring in children, the fact they are so small means it is easy for them to become ingested. The result of ingesting these minuscule insects is a far more disturbing and harmful infestation, a tapeworm. Tapeworms are large parasitic worms that live in the intestines, munching on your food and growing up to 50 feet long.

You’re not only living creature in your home that fleas, and their potential friends, can affect. While many pet owners use some kind of flea prevention, less commonly known is that animals acquire tapeworm the same way humans do, by ingesting “infected” fleas. Any flea that has eaten tapeworm larvae and is then swallowed by your pet, typically while grooming, can turn suddenly become a far more serious problem.

Rats

We saved the best for last. Rats are carriers of some of the most dangerous diseases on the planet and without these critters the bubonic plague might not have wiped out so much of Europe.

Rats have powerful teeth and can gnaw their way through pretty much anything, allowing them to reach food and water supplies resulting in contamination. Rat fecal matter and urine can also spread numerous diseases such as leptospirosis, a debilitating illness that causes liver, kidney and heart problems. You don’t even have to consume something contaminated to become infected; simply inhaling their evaporating and decaying waste is enough. Being a larger pest than most, rats also have more aggressive tendencies and are more likely to bite and scratch humans, which could result in other infections such as rat-bite fever.

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5 Common House Pests That Can Affect Your Health

Fox Facts

Posted by https://kidskonnect.com/animals/fox/ on 11.20.2017

The fox is the smallest member of the dog family, although it also has many similarities with cats – such as vertical slit eyes and retractable claws. They also hunt like a cat, stalking their prey and playing with it before killing it. Keep reading to find more interesting facts about foxes.

• Fox species include the gray fox, red fox, arctic fox, kit fox and fennec fox. The red fox is the most common. There are 21 species of fox. The fox is the smallest member of the dog family. They have a lifespan of 2 to 5 years but some have lived to be 14 years old in captivity.

• The fox also has many similarities to a cat. They have vertical slit eyes and partially retractable claws. Foxes are excellent tree climbers, and they mark their territory by the scent of urine. They also hunt like a cat. They stalk their prey just like cats. They often play with their prey before they kill it. Foxes hunt mainly at night because they are nocturnal animals.

• Foxes live all over North America. They adapt very easily and can manage in a dense forest or a suburban neighborhood. They make their home under sheds, in the hollow of trees, in ground burrows, and in wood piles.

• Most foxes are about the size of a large house cat. Foxes can range in height from 35 to 45 inches and weigh approximately 15 pounds.

• Foxes are carnivores, which means they eat meat. Their diet includes rodents, rabbits, insects and small birds. If they live near a farm, they will raid the hen house and steal the chickens. They will also eat vegetation.

• Foxes breed between December and February. In the spring, the female may produce a litter of 4 to 5 kits. The kits have no fur and are blind. The mother has her litter in a den. She does not leave the den for the first two weeks after the cubs are born. The female nurses her kits. When the kits are about 4 weeks old they begin to venture out of the den. They will leave their mother sometime between 6 and 12 months of age. A fox can mate when they reach 10 months of age.

• The fox does not live in a pack. It lives and hunts alone. When a group of foxes are together it is called a “skulk.”

• A fox’s hearing is so sharp they can hear a watch ticking 40 yards away. They can also hear something moving underground. They also use a variety to sounds to communicate.

• The kit fox, or swift fox, can run up to 23 mph for short distances.

• Coyotes, wolves, eagles and the lynx are all natural enemies of the fox.

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Fox Facts

Rats!

Posted by http://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/rats/ on 11.14.2017

An adult rat can squeeze into your home through a hole as small as the size of a quarter.

Rats can live for up to 18 months, but most die before they are one year old.

Rats have strong teeth that allow them to chew through glass, cinderblock, wire, aluminum and lead.

Smell, taste, touch and sound help direct them to their food sources.

Rats are also responsible for spreading bubonic plague, also known as the "Black Death". Although fleas are primarily responsible for infecting humans, they were originally infected with the plague by feeding on the blood of rats.

Rats are scavengers. They have an excellent sense of taste and a good memory. A rat can identify certain substances, including rat poisons, after just a tiny taste of it.


To learn how to get rid of roof rats and other rodents, visit the official NPMA website.


Norway Rats

The Norway rat is also called a "sewer rat". Norway rats tend to be larger and more aggressive to animals, humans and each other than Roof rats.


Size: 10" to 12" long

Shape: Rat

Color: Black

Legs: 4

Wings: No

Antenna: No

Common Name: Norway Rat

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Rodentia

Family: Muridae

Species: Rattus norvegicus

Diet:Norway rats eat a wide variety of foods but mostly prefer cereal grains, meats, fish, nuts, and some fruits.

Habitat:When Norway rats invade buildings, they usually remain in the basement or ground floor. They also live in fields, farms, woodpiles and buildings. Their nests are usually lined with shredded paper or cloth.

Impact:These rats are known for the damage they cause by chewing on materials, urinating on food and eating stored foods. They have also been known to chew on wires, which can cause fires to start. They also carry disease and ectoparasites. Rats will also attack both animals and humans. Human babies and even adults have been killed in rat attacks.

Prevention:

Rats will eat almost anything, so keep your homes clean and don’t leave food out.

Make sure that your home and storage areas are clean and dry.

Make sure that you clean your sheds, crawlspaces, and garbage cans often.

Close up any small holes and cracks they can come in through.


Roof Rats

Roof Rats are excellent climbers and get their name because they usually live high off the ground, like on the roof of a building. They have very poor vision and are color blind, but they have extremely strong senses of hearing, smell, touch and taste. Rats have four to six litters a year and each litter has 6 to 12 babies in it. These rats are only pregnant for about 21 to 23 days and they can start reproducing when they are three months old.


Size: 16" nose to tail

Shape: Rat

Color: Black

Legs: 4

Wings: No

Antenna: No

Common Name: Roof rat

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Rodentia

Family: Muridae

Species: Rattus rattus

Diet:Roof Rats prefer eating fruits, berries, vegetables, cereal, pet food, nuts, grain, slugs, snails and rotten food.

Habitat:Roof Rats are excellent climbers and they usually live in spaces on the tops of buildings, on roofs or in attics. They also live in sheds, garages, boxes, ceilings, under floors, in wood heaps and in thick grass.

Impact:Roof rats cause damage to structures by chewing, eating stored foods and carrying diseases, such as Hantavirus. They are most famous for spreading the highly contagious bubonic plague in the Middle Ages. Rats will also attack both animals and humans. Human babies and even adults have been killed in rat attacks.

Prevention:

Rats like to eat, so keep your homes clean and do not leave food out.

Make sure that your home and storage areas are clean and dry.

Make sure that you clean your sheds, crawlspaces, and garbage cans often.

Close up any small holes and cracks they can come in through.

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Rats!

These Are the Pests You Should Worry About This Fall and Winter

Posted by https://lifehacker.com/these-are-the-pests-you-should-worry-about-this-fall on 11.06.2017

Pests like cockroaches, ants, mice, and mosquitoes are annoying pests, but usually only during certain months of the year. However, thanks to this year’s heat waves and heavy rainfall, a lot of pests that usually go away come fall and winter will still be around looking for a home—your home.

How to Manage Your Winter Pest Problem

If you think summer pests suck, just wait until winter comes along. The only thing worse than a…

Recently, the National Pest Management Association (NPMA) released their Bug Barometer™ forecast for the upcoming seasons, and it does not look good for those who get the heebie-jeebies from all kinds of creepy crawlies. Entomologists and pest experts are expecting a lot more pressure from most of these critters than usual. Here’s a handy map from the NPMA:

via NPMA Pest World.

The Pacific Northwest will see increased rodent populations looking for water in residential areas due to heat and dryness. Along the West Coast and in Southwestern states we’ll likely see more cockroaches, ants, spiders, and stinging insects thanks to the lasting heat, and flooding will ramp up the mosquito population. In the Midwest, the mild spring and warm summer increased rodent populations that will be seeking food and shelter come cold weather, and more rainfall will mean more earwigs and millipedes seeking higher ground indoors. To the Southeast, mosquitoes will continue to terrorize anyone with blood left in their body, and termites, in addition to ants, will be active until winter. Lastly, the Northeast is expected to see a lot of stink bugs and ladybugs, along with more insects and rodents flocking indoors to avoid the cold than usual. Ticks will also continue to be a problem until the temperatures start to drop dramatically.

What to Do When Mice Have Invaded Your Home

Mice may look cute and fuzzy, but in reality, their presence means stress, chewed furniture, and a…

There’s more to this than just being creeped out by bugs and rats, though. As Jim Fredericks, Ph.D., and chief entomologist and vice president of technical and regulatory affairs for the NPMA, explains, it’s a matter of health:

“The extended summer pest activity, combined with the high pressure expected from fall pests, will make the upcoming seasons particularly pest heavy. There’s also an added health concern given that ticks, mosquitoes and rodents are all capable of transmitting diseases to humans.”

So prepare your homes for the upcoming invasion and stay vigilant. The more you can do now to prevent an infestation the better off you’ll be come winter.

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These Are the Pests You Should Worry About This Fall and Winter

Mice

Posted by https://www.planetnatural.com/pest-problem-solver/household-pests/mouse-con on 10.31.2017

Mice

Rodents can carry a wide variety of diseases transmissible to humans. Learn how to get rid of mice using proven, organic and natural techniques.

Mice are important rodent pests that often enter homes and warehouses for food and shelter. These rodents eat any kind of food meant for humans, pets, livestock or other animals. They also contaminate 10 times as much food as they eat with urine, droppings and hair.

A very real problem with the infestation of mice is the Hantavirus which has been a threat in the arid southwestern part of the country. Another major concern is salmonellosis which is transmitted by mice and is a concern in food storage and preparation areas.

The common house mouse is brown to gray in color with the tail as long as the body. Adults are small and weigh only about 1/2 ounce. Their droppings are dark colored, 1/8 inch long and rod-shaped. These rodents have a very prolific reproductive system breeding year round and having as many as eight litters annually. Females can start having their litters at the age of 1-1/2 to 2 months old. Life expectancy is no more than one year.

5 Proven Methods of Mouse Control

Exclude

Mice are tenacious in their ability to enter a dwelling and only need an opening the size of a dime. Thorough examinations need to be made periodically to assure that all points of entry (foundations, utility pipes and wires passing into the house) are secure.

In those areas that are not secure, wire mesh or quick-drying cement can be used to plug cracks around drainpipes and other small areas of entry. Also, galvanized window screening can be balled and stuffed into larger openings that are then finished with caulking or cement. Expanding-foam insulation can also be used for filling small to medium size openings.

Sanitation

A clean uncluttered home will make it hard for mice to find hiding places and food. Immediately sweep up crumbs and keep edibles and garbage in mouse-proof containers (metal or heavy-duty plastic with tight fitting lids), or in mouse-proof cabinets (including the refrigerator).

Trap

Early fall or winter is the time of year when rodents move in as part of their normal movement patterns. Mice can be humanely live-trapped and put back outside in their own environment. The use of snap and glue traps is also very effective. For best results, place them every 2-4 feet apart where rodents are seen or pest activity is suspected. High traffic areas include room perimeters (along baseboards), kitchen counter tops and behind cabinets and stoves.

Attractant: Place a small amount of cheese, bread and butter, small nuts, cherry pits, sunflower or similar seeds in/on traps. Peanut butter, oatmeal and gumdrops are also highly recommended.

Bait

Least-toxic baits work well when pests are plentiful. Agrid3 Bait is approved for use in organic production and contains no secondary hazards — will not harm pets or wildlife that catch/eat rodents poisoned by the pellets. Place a small amount of pellets (1-2 Tbsp) at intervals of 8- to 12-feet apart in infested areas. Use a tamper-resistant Bait Station to keep out of reach from children, pets and livestock.

Repel

Ultrasonic devices will keep mice out of a designated area. These products produce sounds that are inaudible to humans or pets and each unit provides up to 400 sq ft of indoor protection (one per room).

Non-toxic repellent place packs and organic granules use essential oils to keep rodents away from treated areas. Best of all, you don’t have to be concerned about finding dead animals in hard to reach places like attics, basements or behind walls.

Recommended Products

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Mice

How to Get Rid of Groundhogs Humanely

Posted by http://www.havahart.com/how-to-get-rid-of-groundhogs on 10.24.2017

The best way to get rid of groundhogs, also known as woodchucks, is with an integrated control plan that includes trapping, repelling and excluding. Below, Havahart® provides step-by-step instructions to help you get rid of woodchucks, along with other useful trapping and repelling information.

Eliminate Attractants

Groundhogs will enter your yard to find food and a safe place to burrow. It's important that you take some steps to minimize damage and make your yard less attractive:

Harvest crops like beans, peas and melons as early as possible.

Groundhogs prefer burrowing in areas that provide ample cover; remove piles of debris, rocks and/or wood where groundhogs may take shelter.

Trim back plants groundhogs may eat or use for cover.

Remove any tree trunks or other sources of wood that groundhogs can gnaw or grind their teeth on.

Use gravel to fill in any abandoned animal burrows.

Identify Areas of Damage

Becoming familiar with your groundhog's habits and where it spends most of its time will help you target a control method.

Common groundhog activities include:

damaging crops like peas, beans, melons and alfalfa

eating grasses and clover

gnawing/clawing on wood or woody vegetation

chewing through electrical wires/tubing

digging holes and burrowing under lawn or structures

Seek out any groundhog burrows on your property - you can identify these by locating their entrances/exits. Burrows generally contain 2-5 entrance holes, each about 6-8 inches in diameter. Groundhogs often hide these holes by digging them underneath vegetation and/or loosely covering them up with leaves and sticks.

Choose a Control Method

Once you've identified the general whereabouts of your groundhog and what kind of damage it is causing, you can select the best control method. The more methods you use, the better your chances are at getting rid of groundhogs and keeping them off your property.

Live Groundhog Trap

The most effective way to remove a groundhog is with a live groundhog trap. Groundhogs are cautious creatures, so keep in mind the following tips:

Prevent transferring your scent to the trap by wearing gloves when handling it.

Bait your trap in a way that forces the groundhog to fully enter it - this will ensure the animal cannot back out when the door comes down.

Prevent roll over and escapes after the groundhog is caught by ensure the trap cannot move. Place a brick on the top for extra stability.

Camouflage the inside and outside of the trap with leaves so that the groundhog feels more comfortable entering.

For more tips and step-by-step instructions, read How to Trap a Groundhog »

Groundhog Repellents

A spicy pepper-based repellent will aggravate a groundhog's heightened sense of smell and taste. Applying one throughout your yard will keep groundhogs from entering certain areas, stop them from chewing on plants and surfaces, and/or prevent destructive digging and burrowing.

Sprinkle a granular repellent to create a repelling barrier to drive/keep groundhogs out of problem areas.

Spray a liquid repellent onto surfaces like plants, wood, grass or mulch to discourage gnawing, eating and digging.

It's important to note that repellents are rarely effective in keeping a mother groundhog away from her young. You may want to determine whether there is a nest on your property before you try to drive a groundhog out.

For more information, read How to Repel Groundhogs »

Electronic Repellents

Use highly effective electronic repellents to frighten groundhogs with bursts of water to condition them to stay out of any area. These motion-activated water sprinklers are virtually maintenance-free and can be used to protect:

  • vegetable gardens
  • plants
  • mulch beds
  • pathways
  • flowerbeds
  • pool areas
  • yards/lawns
  • structures
  • koi ponds
  • entryways
  • garbage cans
  • trees

Groundhogs are skittish and known to respond quickly to scare tactics, so electronics are a great alternative to traditional liquid and granular repellents.

For more information, read Why Electronics »

Fencing

Although groundhogs are skilled climbers, a properly installed fence can make it more challenging for them to enter your yard. Follow these fence guidelines:

Fencing should stand at least 3-4 feet above ground level.

Use a strong wire fence with openings no larger than 3" x 3".

The fence should penetrate the ground at least 1 foot to prevent groundhogs from digging underneath it. Creating an "L" shape underground is most effective.

Make the fence more difficult to climb over by adding an outward angle at the top.

Expert Tips

If not properly controlled, groundhogs can cause serious structural damage when burrowing. Their tunnels break apart building foundations, and they will often chew through electrical wires and irrigation systems that may be in their way. For best results, use multiple groundhog control products at once.

Groundhogs enter into deep hibernation in the winter, at which time they are underground and inactive. Because of this, groundhog control efforts will only be effective in warmer months.

The best time to try to get rid of groundhogs is early in the spring, before mating season. Once a groundhog enters gestation, it will be difficult to repel her. And once a groundhog gives birth, you'll have more groundhogs on your property to control.

Plantings, woodpiles and debris surrounding your home provide shelter for groundhogs, making them more likely to live on your property or burrow underneath the grass or foundation. Minimizing ground cover will prevent this type of destructive behavior.

Before operating a live trap, get to know your local laws regarding trapping and relocating groundhogs or woodchucks.

Prevent groundhogs from occupying abandoned burrows by covering openings with wired fencing. Dig each out about 1 foot deep, then cover the hole with 3' x 3' of wire fencing and bury the fencing securely. VERY IMPORTANT: first make sure that there are no groundhogs living in the burrow.

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How to Get Rid of Groundhogs Humanely

What is a Bagworm?

Posted by http://www.animalspot.net/bagworms.html on 10.16.2017

It is a perennial moth like insect that is wingless and resides on a number of evergreen as well as junipers. It causes extensive damage to plants and trees.

Bagworms Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

Family: Psychidae

Genus: Thyridopteryx

Scientific Name: Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis

Other names for this pest are Common Bagworm and Evergreen Bagworm.

What is a Bagworm like?

Adult males of this species of moths are dark and hairy in appearance with a wingspan of approximately 1 inch. Female bagworms look like maggots and are yellow in color. An average insect of this type appears similar to a tiny caterpillar.

Family Name

This pest is a member of the family Psychidae and belongs to order Lepidoptera.

What does a Bagworm eat?

Bagworm food comprises of leaves of plants. They are parasitic in nature and reside in plants, feeding on them. Bagworm larvae feed on leaves and needles of evergreen plants. Young insects of this species eat the upper epidermis of hosts, which leaves tiny holes on the foliage of these plants.

Habitat

The pest generally resides and feeds on Willow, Sycamore, Spruce, Maple, Bald Cypress, Boxelder, Oaks, Rose Plants, Black Locusts, Pines and other deciduous trees. It also attacks fruit trees, ornamental trees, perennial flowers and decorative shrubs.

Life Cycle

Bagworms life cycle are differentiated into separate stages, much like any other organism. Here is a glimpse into the various Bagworm life stages –

The eggs of Bagworm moths hatch in end of May and beginning of June. Once the eggs hatch, the larva spins a silk strand that hangs down it. The larva is also transported to nearby plants by wind.

Once the larva finds a host, it starts to make a new protective bag around itself. It remains inside this bag sticking only its head out to eat from the host.

The larva continues feeding until it matures by the end of August. It then attaches the bag they are in to a branch with a strand of silk and starts developing into a pupa.

Adult male worms appear in September. These are tiny, grayish moth-like insects with fur on their body and transparent wings. Adult Bagworm females are wingless. They never leave the protective bag.

When fully mature, these pests mate and die immediately afterwards.

Reproduction

Mature male and female worms mate with each other to produce offspring. Strikingly, these pests die after mating. Male moths die outside the bag after copulation. Females die inside the bag and get mummified around the mass of several hundred eggs that they produce. The eggs hatch in end-May or beginning of June.

Only one generation of Bagworm eggs are produced every year.

Control

These pests cause excessive damage to plants. Only deciduous plants can withstand the onslaught of these plants. In Deciduous plants new leaves arise every year. This is why the defoliation (loss of foliage) caused by the parasitic feeding of this insect does not kill these plants. All other plants are incapable of surviving Bagworm attacks. The worm is controlled with insecticides because of this reason.

For control of Bagworms insecticides should be sprayed on young larvae during late- June or early-July. This is the best time to apply insecticides for Bagworm control as feeding by these moths slow down by August. Naturally, chemical control during this time is not as effective.

Common insecticides used for controlling this pest include Carbaryl, Acephate, Cyfluthrin, Permethrin and Malathion. Affected plants must be thoroughly sprayed with any of these pesticides in June for Bagworm killing as soon as they start feeding on plants.

Moth Bag

Bagworm Bags Pictures

Photo 2 – Bagworm’s Bag Image

Source – lifeandlawns.com

Protective bags of these insects hang from slender stems of plants and trees and are generally hidden by foliage. These Bagworm nests are usually brow or gray in color and look like small pine cones. Once spotted, these should be immediately cut away with garden shears, scissors or knife. Simply pulling away these bags will leave a silk strand behind that will encircle the twig while it is growing.

Organic Control

An organic pesticide that contains the bacteria Bacillus Thuringiensis is often used on plants in early spring for controlling these moths. The chemical is safe to use in plants in areas where pets and children roam about. There are many other chemical sprays available to control these pests.

Management

The insect can be managed by both chemical and non-chemical means. Chemical process of getting rid of Bagworms involves spraying insecticides and organic pesticides on the habitats of the pests. Non-chemical way of Bagworm removal includes cutting away the bags formed by these worms from plants they have infested. Bag removal should be carried out in early spring, late autumn or winter season before the eggs hatch. Proper disposal of these bags will help avoid return of these insects.

Are Bagworms Poisonous?

Bagworms are often mistaken to be poisonous creatures as they cause the death of plants. This is however, a non-poisonous bug that causes plant death due to feeding on their foliage. Insecticides used for Bagworm prevention often produce toxic effects when used in large quantities. Safety precautions and usage directions on labels of pesticides should be strictly followed to avoid damage to valuable plants. When used in excess, these can not only damage plants but also contaminate ponds or streams located nearby.

Predators

Ichneumonid wasps and parasitoid insects are two organisms that are natural enemies of this pest.

Natural Control

These pests can be naturally removed in two ways. Manually removing the nests of these bugs is one such option. It can also be controlled by planting daisy plants near plants where the pest is found to nest on. Research conducted by the University of Illinois has shown that flowering plants such as daisies that are members of the Asteraceae family can attract parasitoid insects to them. Naturally, Bagworms nesting on such plants have a high chance of being destroyed by parasitoids.

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What is a Bagworm?

Basic Facts About Black Bear

Posted by http://www.defenders.org/black-bear/basic-facts on 10.10.2017

The American black bear is the smallest of the three bears species found in North America, and are found only in North America. Black bears have short, non-retractable claws that give them an excellent tree-climbing ability.

Black bear fur is usually a uniform color except for a brown muzzle and light markings that sometimes appear on their chests. Eastern populations are usually black in color while western populations often show brown, cinnamon, and blond coloration in addition to black. Black bears with white-bluish fur are known as Kermode (glacier) bears and these unique color phases are only found in coastal British Columbia, Canada.

DIET

American black bears are omnivorous: plants, fruits, nuts, insects, honey, salmon, small mammals and carrion. In northern regions, they eat spawning salmon.

Black bears will also occasionally kill young deer or moose calves.

POPULATION

It is estimated that there are at least 600,000 black bears in North America. In the United States, there are estimated to be over 300,000 individuals. However, the Louisiana black bear (Ursus americanus luteolu) and Florida black bear (Ursus americanus floridanus) are unique subspecies with small populations. The Louisiana black bear is federally listed as a threatened species and the Florida black bear is estimated to number 3,000.

RANGE

The American black bear is distributed throughout North America, from Canada to Mexico and in at least 40 states in the U.S. They historically occupied nearly all of the forested regions of North America, but in the U.S. they are now restricted to the forested areas less densely occupied by humans. In Canada, black bears still inhabit most of their historic range except for the intensively farmed areas of the central plains. In Mexico, black bears were thought to have inhabited the mountainous regions of the northern states but are now limited to a few remnant populations.

BEHAVIOR

Black bears are extremely adaptable and show a great variation in habitat types, though they are primarily found in forested areas with thick ground vegetation and an abundance of fruits, nuts, and vegetation. In the northern areas, they can be found in the tundra, and they will sometimes forage in fields or meadows.

Black bears tend to be solitary animals, with the exception of mothers and cubs. The bears usually forage alone, but will tolerate each other and forage in groups if there is an abundance of food in one area.

Most black bears hibernate depending on local weather conditions and availability of food during the winter months. In regions where there is a consistent food supply and warmer weather throughout the winter, bears may not hibernate at all or do so for a very brief time. Females give birth and usually remain denned throughout the winter, but males and females without young may leave their dens from time to time during winter months.

REPRODUCTION

Mating Season: Summer.

Gestation: 63-70 days.

Litter Size: 1-6 cubs; 2 cubs are most common.

Cubs remain with the mother for a year and a half or more, even though they are weaned at 6-8 months of age. Females only reproduce every second year (or more). Should the young die for some reason, the female may reproduce again after only one year.

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Basic Facts About Black Bear

Explore Cockroaches

Posted by http://pestworldforkids.org/pest-guide/cockroaches/#American-Cockroaches on 10.02.2017

Cockroaches have been around since the time of dinosaurs!

A cockroach can live almost a month without food.

A cockroach can live about two weeks without water.

Some female cockroaches only mate once and stay pregnant for life!

A cockroach can live for up to one week without its head!

Cockroaches can hold their breath for up to 40 minutes!

Cockroaches can run up to 3 miles an hour.

Cockroaches have been around for millions of years, evolving into some of the most adaptable pests on Earth. There are approximately 4,000 living species of cockroaches in the world. About 70 of these species are found in the United States.


Cockroaches are commonly found in buildings and homes because they prefer warm environments close to food and water. Unfortunately, cockroaches can cause allergies and trigger asthma attacks, especially in children. They can also spread nearly 33 different kinds of bacteria.

American Cockroaches

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American Cockroaches

The American cockroach is the largest cockroach found in houses. Despite its name, the American cockroach is not native to North America, but was likely introduced via ships from Africa in the 1600s.


Females can hatch up to 150 offspring per year. Cockroaches don’t get their wings until the become adults.


Size: 2"

Shape: Oval

Color: Reddish-brown, with a yellowish figure 8 pattern on the back of the head

Legs: 6

Wings: Yes

Antenna: Yes

Common Name: American cockroach

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Dictyoptera

Family: Blattidae

Species: Periplaneta americana

Diet:American cockroaches will eat just about anything, including plants and other insects.

Habitat:American cockroaches prefer to live in warm, dark, wet areas, like sewers and basements. They often enter structures through drains and pipes. Although American cockroaches can be found in homes, they are also common in larger commercial buildings, such as restaurants, grocery stores and hospitals.

Impact:Cockroaches crawl through dirty areas and then walk around our homes tracking in lots of bacteria and germs. They can contaminate food by shedding their skins. Their cast off skin and waste byproducts are allergens that can trigger allergic reactions, asthma and other illnesses, especially in children.

Prevention:

Keep cooking, eating and food storage areas clean and dry.

If you see cockroaches, it is best to call a pest management professional due to the illnesses they can spread.

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Explore Cockroaches

Southeastern U.S. Braces For Heavy Termite Season

Posted by http://www.pestworld.org/news-hub/pest-articles/southeastern-us-braces-for- on 09.25.2017

Termite swarming season will be ramping up soon as the weather starts to get warmer and the spring season approaches — with many termite species being particularly prevalent in the Southeast. In case you’ve never heard, termites are nicknamed “silent destroyers” because of their ability to chew through wood, flooring and wallpaper without any immediate signs of damage. In fact, termites cause more than $5 billion in property damage each year— costs that are typically note covered by homeowners’ insurance policies. That is why it’s extremely important to know what types of termite species are active in your area and to understand ways to prevent them from causing damage to your home.

Here are five types of termite species to be aware of at the turn of the season if you reside in the southeastern United States: Subterranean Termites

This termite species is extremely common in southern states and hotter climates. Subterranean termites live in underground colonies with as many as two million members and are also found in moist, secluded areas above ground. They build distinctive tunnels, often referred to as "mud tubes," to reach food sources and protect themselves from open air. Subterranean termites are by far the most destructive termite species — their hard, saw-toothed jaws work like shears and are able to bite off extremely small fragments of wood, one piece at a time. Over time, they can collapse a building entirely, meaning possible financial ruin for a homeowner.

Drywood Termites

Largely found coastally from South Carolina westward to Texas, these types of termites form colonies of up to 2,500 members and primarily attack wood structures, frames, furniture and flooring, as they receive all of their nutrition from wood. Unlike other termites, drywood termites do not require moisture from soil. They typically swarm on sunny, warm days after a sudden rise in temperature and can be difficult to treat because they have the ability to create multiple colonies within a home.

Dampwood Termite

Occasionally found in Southwest and Southern Florida, dampwood termites are attracted to wood with high moisture content and have a preference for decaying wood, areas with leaks and woodpiles. These termites create a series of chambers in wood, which are connected by tunnels with smooth walls, as if sandpapered, and are usually found in logs, stumps, dead trees, fence posts and utility poles. Dampwood termites do not usually infest structures because of their need for excessive moisture.

Formosan Termite

This species lives in huge underground colonies with an average of 350,000 workers and can be found in several Southeastern states, including North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Virginia, Alabama, Florida and Tennessee.

In addition to structures, they also infest trees, shrubs, utility poles, timber, railroad trusses and even boats. Formosans build intricate mud nests in the ground and can chew through wood, flooring and even wallpaper. The average formosan termite colony can consume one foot of 2X4 wood in less than a month.

Conehead Termites

Originally called "tree termites," this species was renamed conehead termites to alleviate the misconception that this pest is only found in trees. These termites— most prevalent in the Broward County, Fla. region — build dark brown "mud" tubes and freestanding nests on the ground, in trees or in wooden structures. The nests can be up to 3 feet in diameter and have a hard surface of chewed wood. Unlike most termites, the conehead termite does not rely on underground tunneling to travel. Instead, they forage on the ground like ants, allowing them to spread quickly.

Termites are not a pest that can be effectively controlled with do it yourself measures. If you live in an area prone to termites, it’s important to have regular, annual termite inspections. Contact a licensed pest control professional or click here to view our top 10 tips for preventing termites and getting rid of a termite infestation.

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Ants Seek Homes in Heat

Ants move indoors during hot weather in search of a consistent water supply. Find out how to keep them out.

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Your Bed Bug Prevention Checklist

Heading on vacation soon? Keep bed bug prevention top of mind, as peak bed bug season is the summer.

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The 411 on Powassan Virus

Learn about the symptoms, treatment and prevention of Powassan virus, a rare tick-borne disease.

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Copyright ©2017 National Pest Management Association

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Southeastern U.S. Braces For Heavy Termite Season

How to Get Rid of Gnats Inside and Outside the House

Posted by http://www.getridoffliesguide.com/how-to-get-rid-of-gnats-inside-house-kitc on 09.19.2017

Looking for ways to get rid of gnats! No worries, you are at the right place.

Gnats are often known as “nats” or “knats“. Gnats are small sized flies ranging in size from 1/8″ to 1/10″ in length. They have two wings and in terms of appearance they resemble more to a mosquito than to a fly.

As per Wikipedia, “A gnat is any of many species of tiny flying insects in the Dipterid suborder Nematocera, especially those in the families’ Mycetophilidae, Anisopodidae and Sciaridae “.

Gnats are nuisance pests because they just lay eggs, annoy people, spread diseases, and die. Gnats are weak fliers but they torment people and become quite a distraction in the workplace.

Most species of gnats are attracted to carbon-dioxide just like horseflies and this is the reason you always find them flying around your mouth and nose.

In this article, we are going to see how to get rid of gnats, but before that let’s have a look at different types of gnats.

How to Get Rid of Gnats

Types of Gnats:

As we have already told that gnat is not a single species of flying insect, hence there are multiple types of gnats:

Fungus Gnats or Winter Gnats:

Fungus gnats are also called as winter gnats. As the name suggests these types of gnats are associated with microscopic fungi. And hence they thrive in a damp environment with decaying matter where fungi can grow.

Fungus gnats are attracted towards light and this is the reason why you mostly see them flying near windows.

fungus-gnat

Habitat:

Fungus gnats are often found at the places where humidity levels are quite high. The most common habitat for fungus gnats are ordinary houseplants where the soil is overwatered or the water cannot drain properly.

This creates a favourable environment for the gnats to thrive and feed on the decaying matter. Other possible breeding sources may include moisture conditions created by roof leaks or any other plumbing leaks.

Lifecycle of a Fungus Gnat:

Lifecycle of a fungus gnat can be divided into four stages – egg, larva, pupa and adult. Female fungus gnats deposit their eggs on the moist soil or decaying matter. These eggs hatch into larvae in about three days.

The larvae feed on the decaying organic matter, but in some species they also feed on the plant roots. Fully developed larvae (after about 10 days) then undergo a pupae stage. This pupae stage spans approximately 3 days. After about 4 more days in pupae stage adult fungus gnats emerge.

Damages:

They cause annoyance to humans.

Some species of fungus gnats in larval stages feed on plant roots, which causes diminished growth in plants.

Eye Gnats or Grass Flies or Eye flies:

Eye gnats are known with many different names like Grass Flies, Eye Files etc. But they all belong to the ‘Chloropidae’ family of flies.

Eye gnats are very small flies which are attracted to fluids secreted by the eyes, nose, and ears in both humans and animals. And because of this these files are known to transmit eye diseases and conditions such as acute conjunctivitis (pink eye).

eye-gnat

Habitat:

They prefer to live in areas with loose sandy soil but can thrive in many environments.

Lifecycle of an Eye Gnat:

Life cycle of an eye gnat is also divided into four stages. It takes 3 weeks from development of an egg to emergence of an adult during the summer season.

Female eye gnats lay eggs below the surface of loose soil. These eggs are pearlescent white and approximately 0.5 mm long. Eggs hatch into larvae in about 7 – 10 days. Larvae are 3 mm in length and are whitish in color. They feed on the organic matter.

After full development larvae undergo pupae stage. The pupae are just about 2.25 mm in length and reddish brown in color. After about 7 days in pupae stage adult eye gnats emerge.

Damages:

Eye Gnats are known to spread disease causing organisms like – Streptococcal skin infection bacteria, vesicular stomatitis virus (rabies virus).

As they are attracted by eye fluids and hence they transmit eye diseases like acute conjunctivitis.

Buffalo Gnats or Black Flies:

Buffalo gnats are also known as black flies. These gnats are named so because of their humpbacked appearance. They are small sized with a size of one eighth of an inch. They typically appear in late spring and early summer.

Buffalo gnats (mostly females) swarm around birds, animals, humans and bite them to fulfil their protein needs. Males mostly feed on nectar and do not bite humans. Whereas female buffalo gnats feed on blood in order to get enough protein to produce eggs.

These gnats are attracted to carbon dioxide, perspiration, and dark moving objects, this way they can identify their prey.

buffalo-gant

Habitat:

Buffalo gnats are mostly found near lakes or streams because they prefer to lay their eggs near clean, fast-running water. Adult gnats can fly up to 10 miles in search of blood, but mostly they don’t have to do this, as they can easily find an easy prey near the water sources.

Lifecycle of Buffalo Gnats:

Buffalo gnats have a unique lifecycle. Female buffalo gnats lay several hundred eggs in running water streams. These eggs are yellow or orange in color. The eggs develop in running water and hatching can take from 4 -30 days.

When they develop into larvae, they find a stable surface to rest on. They have suction cup like small structure, attached to their abdomen that allows them to stick to such surfaces. Larvae are brown, gray in color with a light brown head.

Larvae then feed on other smaller organisms or organic matter and in about two weeks undergo pupae stage. Pupation takes place on stones or other stable objects in the water. Pupae period is 6 – 8 days after which adult emerges. Adult floats to the surface in a bubble of air and quickly flies away. Buffalo gnats typically live for three weeks.

Damages:

They bite humans and animals to draw blood from them.

The bites are painful and often cause allergic reaction, causing them to swell and itch.

They also cause river blindness.

Sand Gnats or Sand Flies:

We have a separate article on these types of gnats. You can read it here.

Do Gnats bite?

If you are facing a gnat infestation then answer to this question must be very important for you. But actually there is no easy answer for this question.

As it totally depends on the type of gnat, some gnats like Fungus Gnats and Eyes Gnats do not bite. But there are others like Buffalo gnats and Sand Gnats which can bite and their bite is very painful.

In the following section, I am going to tell you how you can identify a gnat. After which you can decide whether your home or surroundings are infested by biting or non – biting gnats.

How to Identify Different Species of Gnats:

You can use the following table to identify different types of gnats:

Features Fungus Gnat Eye Gnat Buffalo Gnat Sand Gnat

Size 2 – 5 mm in Length 1.5 – 3.5 mm in Length 2 – 5 mm in Length 1.5 – 5 mm in Length

Physical Appearance They have blackish grey bodies with long gangly legs, multi segmented antennae. They have shiny black or gray bodies and yellow to orange-brown legs. They have black or greyish bodies, shiny thorax, short legs, and clear wings without scales. Yellowish or brownish in color with hair all over their head, thorax, abdomen, and legs.

Special Features Attracted to light Attracted to eyes Humpbacked appearance Hairy wings in vertical ‘V’ shape

Biting / Non-Biting Non-Biting Non-Biting Biting Biting

Now, after identifying that which gnat has infested your surroundings, you can proceed to the next step (i.e. gnat removal).

Recommended Reading: How to get rid of flies Indoors and Outdoors

How to Get Rid of Gnats: Call Complete Pest Control at (412) 318-4547

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How to Get Rid of Gnats Inside and Outside the House

Squirrels in the Attic!

Posted by on 09.12.2017

The Ultimate Guide :

How to Get Rid of Squirrels in Your Attic or Home

Attics are great hiding places for many household pests like squirrels, rats, mice, bats, etc, and unfortunately, when animals move into your attic, your attic suffers extensive damage. The damages can range from a torn up book to destroyed electrical wires all the way up to broken furniture and such. And, one of the most common culprits are the squirrels in the attic, they can get inside your home with relative ease because they are mobile, agile, small, and can jump from one place to another quite easily. So, how does one get rid of squirrels in your home? First, you must learn how to prevent them from getting in and deal with the problem at hand before taking on much more.

To avoid major headaches which arise from unwanted pests taking refuge in your house, you must regularly check for symptoms, or indication that show they have been around. Symptoms are droppings, destroyed property, unwanted noises, etc.

And what’s one of the most common (and serious) pests found in attics across the United States?

The infamous squirrel.

The old ‘squirrel in attic’ distress call is an extremely common situation pest control companies have to deal with, so learn the best way to manage your squirrel problems before they get out of hand…

Squirrels belong to family Sciuridae (Latin for small or medium-size rodents), and this family has roughly 265 species spread throughout the world. They are extremely intelligent creatures which makes it a tough job to easily remove (and keep them out) of your attic once they have made it their home.

They may look cute and entertaining but don’t be fooled by the dangers they can bring to your house, and even worse, your family. More often than not, squirrels will take up residence in your house’s attic and if not discovered quickly, you’ll have a hard time dealing with the problem.

Your main concern: squirrels are EXPERT chewers

The following article will give you more important insights into squirrels in your attic, how and why they love to reside in your attic as well as the hazards they may pose. If your attic has been taken over by these pests, then you’ll need to know what to do to eradicate them, and more importantly, you will learn need to learn techniques on how to keep them out for good!

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Squirrels in the Attic!

Opossum mother-of-the-year carries 12 babies on her back

Posted by By Ben Hooper Contact the Author | June 4, 2017 at 1:22 PM on 08.28.2017

June 4 (UPI) -- A worker at a Wisconsin archery range captured video of an unusual visit from a hard-working opossum mother carrying a dozen babies on her back.

A video posted to the Facebook page for NiceTargets, an archery range in Genoa City, shows the mother opossum walking past the business' office Tuesday while carrying her babies.

The filmer said the opossum family nearly walked through the open door into the business.

"So this just walked by the office window....I counted #twelve #goodmommy #stronglegs #dedication Almost walked right in the door I was filming from," the Facebook post said.

https://www.upi.com/Odd_News/2017/06/04/Opossum-mother-of-the-year-carries-12-babies-on-her-back/2201496595612/

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Opossum mother-of-the-year carries 12 babies on her back

Raccoon eats through power wire

Posted by on 08.22.2017

CANONSBURG, Pa. — A raccoon is being blamed for a small power outage in Peters Township early Monday morning.

West Penn Power officials say the animal chewed through a power line cutting service to about 700 residents in Peters.

The utility says the power was restored by about 5 a.m.

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Raccoon eats through power wire

How To Get Rid of Bats

Posted by http://www.aaanimalcontrol.com/Professional-Trapper/howtogetridofbats.htm on 08.15.2017

SUMMARY: Step-by-step guide for getting rid of bats in a house or attic:

Step 1 - Watch the house at dusk, and observe where the bats fly out of, and how many there are.

Step 2 - Inspect the entire house or building, and find any and all entry gaps, as small as 3/8 inch.

Step 3 - Seal all secondary areas with caulk or other sealant, but leave the main entry/exit gaps open.

Step 4 - Set one-way exclusion netting or funnels on the primary areas. This is very tricky to get right.

Step 5 - Observe at dusk to make sure all the bats are able to get out of the one-way devices, and that they are not able to fly back in. If it's not working, remove the exclusion material immediately.

Step 6 - If it's working, leave in place for at least three days, until no more bats come out at dusk.

Step 7 - Remove the netting and seal shut those last entry gaps and holes.

Step 8 - Clean bat guano out of attic, decontaminate and deodorize the space.

WARNING - Never attempt a bat exclusion during the summer maternity season, when flightless baby bats are inside the attic. It'll result in disaster, and it's illegal as well.

Need bat removal in your town? Now serving over 400 US locations - updated for 2017

Bat Info: There are a wide variety of bat species in the US, though it's usually the colonizing bat types that cause problems in buildings. Bats are not flying mice, or even rodents. They are more closely related to shrews or primates. Though bats often get a bad reputation, they are not aggressive, and are often very beneficial in eliminating pesky insects. Bats aren't blind. They can see just fine, but they also use echolocation as their means of navigating complex flight and finding

insects on the wing. A bat's wings are essentially the same as our arms and hands, thus the scientific name Chiroptera or handwing. The bones of the hand and finger are elongated and serve to support and move the wing. The hind limbs of bats are modified for landing and hanging upside-down.

After you read the below information, in the event that you wish to hire a bat removal company, you may want to see how much does bat removal cost?

Bats become a nuisance when they roost in large numbers in human dwellings. The rapid and smelly accumulation of guano (droppings) is unsanitary, and serves as a fertile breeding ground for a fungal disease called Histoplasmosis, which is transferable to humans who breathe in the fungal spores. Bats are also known to carry rabies, a viral disease that causes progressive paralysis and death in mammals, including humans. Learn about How to clean up bat guano inside a building

People are most likely to encounter nuisance bats when a roosting colony takes up residence in a building. Attics often make excellent habitat, as do barns. Read about How to Get Bats Out of Your Attic. Bats need only a half inch or less of space to crawl through in order to enter a building. Once inside, if the habitat is good, the colony grows until the homeowner notices the bats flying out of the building, notices the droppings in the attic, chimney, outside, or even basement (when the droppings fall down the walls). Sometimes a bat will get lost and find its way out of the attic and into the living area. Occasionally a transient bat may also fly into a house.

 

A professional bat removal system such as mine ensures that the colony will no longer use your home or business as a roosting area, and that no bats can get back in. We care for the welfare of these beneficial creatures, as do many environmental agencies, so we do not aim to kill any bats. A pro merely exclude them from the premises and make sure they can't get back in, while thoroughly cleaning the biohazardous droppings that they leave behind. Experience counts when working on bat jobs, and it takes a skilled eye to get the job done right the first time.

Wondering how to get rid of bats? There is no magic spray or device that you can use to make them go away. Some companies sell ultrasonic sound emitters, but they are completely ineffective, and the FTC has even issued a fraudulent product warning regarding these devices, which are worthless at eliminating bats. Some old wives' tales recommend the use of mothballs or ammonia-soaked rags to make them leave, but I've been to countless homes where these techniques failed - biologists know that these attempts won't work. The ONE AND ONLY WAY to take care of your problem is with physical exclusion of the animals. If you need to find a professional bat expert in your hometown, just click our comprehensive list of hundreds of wildlife removal professionals, and you can have your problem quickly taken care of!

LINKS TO SOME OF MY OTHER BAT REMOVAL ARTICLES I'VE WRITTEN

Some of the topics covered by my bat journal blog include bat exclusion techniques, a discussion on why bat extermination is a bad idea, a good photo of bats in the house, some advice on how to get bats out of an attic, some advice on bat guano cleanup, including information about histoplasmosis from bats, information about the ineffectiveness of bat repellent, which is often misspelled as bat repellant, a great photo and info on a bat colony in an attic, and bat trapping, advice, which really means bat exclusion advice, rather than info on how to trap a bat and other info on how to solve a bat problem. I've also got a nice baby bat photograph and story, and info about a big problem in Florida, bats in barrel tile roof that my bat removal company can take care of. Here are my general Bat Prevention Tips. Bats are mammals, and they are valuable animals. Of course it is often necessary to get rid of bats in order to preserve the sanitation and health code of a building, but please do not harm these flying critters. The professional bat control companies listed in this directory should do a good job of safely removing the bat colony from your home or building.

THE BOTTOM LINE OF BAT CONTROL Bat removal is often one of the most complex tasks in the field of nuisance wildlife removal. Getting rid of bats requires experience. I myself trained for two years on over 50 bat control projects with a professional in the field before I started my own bat removal company, and I continued to learn from there. Many bat exclusion cases are complex and unique. But bats are also unique mammals, and most state laws protect them, making the method of removal very important. Luckily, the country is filled with hundreds of true bat removal experts, and I've had the pleasure of meeting and working with several bat control companies nationwide, and many of them do excellent work, and properly remove all the bats permanently, without harming a single bat. I recommend the companies listed here on my directories, but before you hire any bat company, be sure to research the matter, and ask the right questions - be sure the company does not harm the bats during the summer maternity season, be sure that they seal the ENTIRE building so that none can get back in again, be sure that they inspect the whole house and attic, that they exclude the bats without confinement or trapping, and that they clean the bat poop in the attic afterward.

How To Get Rid Of Bats In Your Attic

For many people, bats are creepy, scary animals. Folklore and myths have done their share to give bats a bad name. However, if you have one in your attic, myth or no myth, you want that critter out of there. One reason you want to make sure you get the bats out is that they do carry rabies and a number of other diseases. Their droppings are also very high in acid and will start smelling after a short time. They are useful animals for keeping the mosquito and other insect population under control, but they need not do that by living in your attic. Since they are mammals that are extremely valuable to the balance of nature, bats are not to be killed but to be evicted from your home by exclusion proofing. This means that before the bats give birth to their young, or after the pups are ready to fly, you must permanently seal your home to bats. Sealing, or bat proofing, just means that you close off all exits where the bats may leave, except one. On that one exit which may be a vent for the attic, you place a one-way exit valve or netting that lets the bats out but they cannot get back in. In time, they all will have to leave to eat. Once they are gone, remove the valve or netting, and seal that last spot.  Remember, the job will fail if you miss any tiny entry hole, even a half inch. Then you have to clean up the attic of all the droppings.

How To Get Rid Of Bats In Your Basement

A basement may feel like a cave to a bat, especially if it is a little damp. For the bat, that makes it a great home.  Or perhaps you've got a colony of bats in the attic or walls, and one has accidentally crawled down.  That happens frequently. Once it has found its way inside, it may be followed by other bats and soon you will have an entire colony living in your basement. What a scary thing that may be, to go into your basement and have a bat flying at you. The bat means you no harm, but the surprise of it alone would make anyone run. To remove a bat from the basement, you can wait for it to land then gently cradle it with a towel, use a butterfly net, or wait for it to land and then put a clear tupperware container over it, and then slide paper or cardboard underneath until you have it trapped in the container.  Then you can bring it outside.

How To Get Rid Of Bats In Your House

Nothing will give you the heebie-jeebies quicker then walking up to the next floor and having a bat swoop down in front of your eyes. The natural instinct would be to run and scream. If you have something in your hand, the second thing you may be inclined to do is to swat at the bat. That would be a mistake because the bat's sonar indicator would tell it to swoop at you again, taking you perhaps for a predator. By swatting at it, you may actually touch it with a part of your hand or arm. This is dangerous because of the disease risk. So, the best thing to do when you have a bat in the house is to get rid of it carefully.  You can use the same methods as discussed above: Wait for it to land then gently cradle it with a towel, or put a clear plastic container over it, and then slide paper or cardboard underneath until you have it trapped in the container.  Then you can bring it outside.

But then you have to deal with the possibility that it was inside because there's a colony living somewhere in the structure. That's the most common reason a bat is in the living space of a house. Some, if not all, states prohibit the poisoning of bats because of their usefulness in keeping a balance in nature. Only one approved way to rid yourself of the bat that has mistakenly moved into your house, is the bat cone. The bat cone permits a bat to fly through it and out of the house. It has a valve attached that when the bat exits the cone, the valve closes and the bat cannot return to the house. Attention must be paid to the time of year so that bats are not excluded but their pups are still inside, unable to fend for themselves. Between June and August is when they young are born and getting ready to fly.

How To Get Rid Of The Bats In Your Roof

You may hear the noises of bats communicating or fighting for their places to roost. This is quite disturbing to say the least. However, other than the possibility of becoming infected with a disease, healthy bats generally do not harm people. In fact, they are very useful to the environment. This doesn't mean you want them in your roof. Bats should be removed promptly when you learn of them in your residence, because the colony will only increase with size over time, can corrode the wooden roof, and can leave behind millions of smelly droppings.  Your choices of bat removal are limited if you want to obey the law and also be environmentally conscious, but really, there's only one way to get bats out of the roof: exclusion and sealing. Trapping and relocating them is very hard on the bat. Many of them die because they are not released from their traps quickly enough, and they can't be relocated - they just return. Poisoning is totally out because it is dangerous and could harm children and pets as well. It is also against the law in many states to poison bats. The safest way to have them leave the sanctuary of your roof is by bat proofing all entries and exits. At their main entry/exit portal, attach a bat cone. When they leave at dusk to feed on insects, they will leave through this one-way-valve cone that lets them exit the roof but blocks re-entry. If it's a barrel tile roof, then it's a very arduous process of sealing shut thousands of tiny entry holes, and excluding them with a wide area net, like a quarter inch polynet.

Most bats are insectivores and take care of a large number of insects that would otherwise be buzzing around your face. About thirty percent of them eat only fruit. Only a very tiny percentage will drink blood, yet that is the bat on which everyone focuses. For sanitation and health reasons, you do not want to cohabitate with bats. They carry rabies and other diseases that are communicable to humans. Bats are not to be poisoned because of their usefulness. Trapping is also a very risky way of capturing them. They often die being trapped. The only way that is not harmful to them is by bat proofing the basement and letting them escape through a bat cone, which is an exit with a one way valve. Once they are out, they will not come back into your home.

When bats get into a house, it can be a frightening experience and it is usually not easy to get them out again. The best option is to employ a professional to handle the situation for you, but you may also take it head on if you have time on your hands as well as the devices needed.

Follow this guide to become totally free of bats

Prevention

It is better to avert a bat infestation by not allowing them to enter in the first case. This entails carrying out a detailed inspection of the whole structure and carrying out all necessary home repairs. A bat can enter by a hole as small as 3/8 of an inch, so you would need to scour the building very carefully.

The best time to inspect is at night or dawn. Bats leave to forage for food at night and sometimes return severally during the night but most will come back at dawn. Observing them will help you to correctly identify their entry and exit points without having to guess.

You would need a ladder to get to the roof, and a headlamp to see at night, as this is the best time for inspection. The roof has fascia boards, eaves gaps and other openings that the bats can use to enter a building. If you are not one for heights, then you should allow a professional check it out for you.

After successfully identifying your bats' entry and exit points, the next step is to seal up all the gaps save one or two that will be used for exclusion.

Exclusion

The two major things to know about exclusion is the right time for an exclusion exercise and the right devices to use. Exclusion cannot be done during the maternity period between April and August, as the baby bats cannot fly for about a month after birth and they depend wholly on their mothers. A live exclusion at this point will result in the babies dying as only adult bats will be excluded. It is against the law to carry out a live exclusion during this period, so you would have to wait.

In carrying out a live exclusion, the proper devices must be used for the right vents or holes. The devices have to be set in such a way that the bats can leave but cannot come back in. Exclusion devices include:

¼ inch poly netting: Most people use netting because netting allows for multiple bats to exit at once and a flap fitted across the bottom will ensure that bats don't get back in. this can be used on long gaps with clear exit routes.

Funnels: A funnel can be made of clear plastic to a ¼ inch steel screening or even a water bottle cut at both ends. Funnels are best placed in an eave gap over the exit types and when the bats have to leave small holes.

Bat cones: These are special funnels that have a tapered body with attached wings.

Pipes: One way valve smooth pipes can be used so that the bats don't get stuck while going down the pipe. Once they exit, the valve closes ensuring that they can no longer get back in.

Window screen: Screening can be used on adjacent to flat surfaces. A duct tape or staple gun can ensure that there are no gaps along the edges that can let the bats back in.

The holes in exclusion devices must be at least 3/8 inch since bats can enter tiny areas and the devices can be left for several days to ensure that all the bats have left the attic.

Trapping

Bat trapping must be done cautiously as they could be carriers of rabies. If you get bitten, you should keep the bat so that it can be tested for rabies as you seek medical attention.

Here are three major methods below:

Netting the bats - a box or cage mounted at the exit point of the bats so as to catch the bats as they come out. After trapping, most people might release them but the bats will only come back unless if the entry point has been sealed.

Home-made traps - these have a trigger and a trap door that shuts on the bat once they enter the cage. The problem with this trap is that you will need a lot since there is usually a minimum of forty bats in a colony.

Glue board bat trapping - glue boards are placed in the attic where the bats are roosting and a few get stuck to the board and starve to death. This is an inhumane method.

Remember, repellents do not work and killing bats through poison or glue boards are inhumane and illegal as they are an endangered species. Live exclusion remains the safest and best removal method.

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How To Get Rid of Bats

Common Locations for Ant Nests

Posted by http://home.howstuffworks.com/home-improvement/household-hints-tips/insect- on 08.08.2017

We witness ants at work virtually every day, but never pay much attention to where they come from. All ants live in colonies of nests, complicated systems of tunnels or rooms that house millions of ants. Each colony includes the Queen, who is responsible for laying all the eggs to grow the colony; female worker ants, who provide food for the Queen; soldier ants, who protect the Queen from outside enemies; and male ants, who mate with the Queen.

Ants can nest and develop colonies both within your home as well as outside, depending on the ant species. In theory, ants can be easy to track -- just follow their traveling path -- but in truth, it's difficult to actually find ant nests, since they're usually deeply buried within structures or underground.

Most ant nests are located outside the home. Who didn't kick in a couple of anthills found in the grass or sidewalk cracks when they were kids? But if you thought you were destroying an entire ant colony, you were mistaken. Ant nests develop very far underground, so disrupting what you see aboveground will not do much damage.

But while most ants are simply kitchen, bathroom and yard ants, there's one type of ant that can really ruin your day (not to mention, the structure of your house). Carpenter ant nests are often confused with termite nests, because they're both contained within the wood of homes. Carpenter ants don't actually eat the wood, but forming a nest requires the ants to chew and burrow into wood, causing severe damage. Carpenter ants prefer building nests in damp, damaged wood, including beams and foundations.

At the perimeter of your home, pavement ants build their nests along sides of garages and houses, or near any construction happening on concrete slabs. They enter dwellings through cracks in basement walls or concrete floors, or through basement windows and doors. It is possible for them to build their nest under a poured concrete slab if adequate access is found for movement.

Some ants have even learned to adapt their nests in certain weather. Pharaoh ants are a tropical species, and can't survive cold months outside. Over time, these ants have migrated all over the United States, even to cold areas where they build nests inside wall voids and behind kitchen baseboards and cabinets to keep warm.

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Common Locations for Ant Nests

Mold Cleanup in Your Home

Posted by https://www.epa.gov/mold/mold-cleanup-your-home on 08.01.2017

Mold Cleanup

Tips and Techniques

Floods and Flooding

Mold Cleanup

If you already have a mold problem - ACT QUICKLY. Mold damages what it grows on. The longer it grows, the more damage it can cause.

Leaky window

Leaky window - mold is beginning to rot the wooden frame and windowsill.

Who should do the cleanup depends on a number of factors. One consideration is the size of the mold problem. If the moldy area is less than about 10 square feet (less than roughly a 3 ft. by 3 ft. patch), in most cases, you can handle the job yourself, follow the Mold Cleanup Tips and Techniques. However:

If there has been a lot of water damage, and/or mold growth covers more than 10 square feet, consult EPA guide Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings. Although focused on schools and commercial buildings, this document is applicable to other building types.

If you choose to hire a contractor (or other professional service provider) to do the cleanup, make sure the contractor has experience cleaning up mold. Check references and ask the contractor to follow the recommendations in EPA guide Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings, the guidelines of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygenists (ACGIH), or other guidelines from professional or government organizations.

If you suspect that the heating/ventilation/air conditioning (HVAC) system may be contaminated with mold (it is part of an identified moisture problem, for instance, or there is mold near the intake to the system), consult EPA guide Should You Have the Air Ducts in Your Home Cleaned? before taking further action. Do not run the HVAC system if you know or suspect that it is contaminated with mold - it could spread mold throughout the building.

If the water and/or mold damage was caused by sewage or other contaminated water, then call in a professional who has experience cleaning and fixing buildings damaged by contaminated water.

If you have health concerns, consult a health professional before starting cleanup.*

Top of Page

Tips and Techniques

The tips and techniques presented in this section will help you clean up your mold problem. Professional cleaners or remediators may use methods not covered in this publication. Please note that mold may cause staining and cosmetic damage. It may not be possible to clean an item so that its original appearance is restored.

Mold growing on the underside of a plastic lawn chair

Mold growing on the underside of a plastic lawn chair in an area where rainwater drips through and deposits organic material.

Mold on fragment of ceiling tile.

Mold growing on a piece of ceiling tile.

Fix plumbing leaks and other water problems as soon as possible. Dry all items completely.

Scrub mold off hard surfaces with detergent and water, and dry completely.

Absorbent or porous materials, such as ceiling tiles and carpet, may have to be thrown away if they become moldy. Mold can grow on or fill in the empty spaces and crevices of porous materials, so the mold may be difficult or impossible to remove completely.

Avoid exposing yourself or others to mold. See discussions:

What to Wear When Cleaning Moldy Areas

Hidden Mold

Do not paint or caulk moldy surfaces. Clean up the mold and dry the surfaces before painting. Paint applied over moldy surfaces is likely to peel.

If you are unsure about how to clean an item, or if the item is expensive or of sentimental value, you may wish to consult a specialist. Specialists in furniture repair, restoration, painting, art restoration and conservation, carpet and rug cleaning, water damage, and fire or water restoration are commonly listed in phone books. Be sure to ask for and check references. Look for specialists who are affiliated with professional organizations.*

Bathroom Tip

Places that are often or always damp can be hard to maintain completely free of mold. If there's some mold in the shower or elsewhere in the bathroom that seems to reappear, increasing ventilation (running a fan or opening a window) and cleaning more frequently will usually prevent mold from recurring, or at least keep the mold to a minimum.

Floods and Flooding

During a flood cleanup, the indoor air quality in your home or office may appear to be the least of your problems. However, failure to remove contaminated materials and to reduce moisture and humidity can present serious long-term health risks. Standing water and wet materials are a breeding ground for microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria, and mold. They can cause disease, trigger allergic reactions, and continue to damage materials long after the flood.

To learn more about flood clean up and indoor air quality, visit: Flood Cleanup and Effects on Indoor Air Quality.

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Mold Cleanup in Your Home

Bagworms - A Danger to Trees

Posted by Post Gazette on 07.26.2017

Bagworms (Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis) are the insects that appear as "cocoons" on many different species of trees -- and inanimate objects -- at this time of year. They have been feeding since late May but do not become noticeable until they cause considerable damage and become quite large. They are very difficult to control at this point because they are well protected from insecticides by the dense bags they construct and because they are not feeding heavily at this point in their life cycle.

While many insects are very host-specific, bagworms are generalists. They feed on more than 100 species of trees and shrubs, including arborvitae, crabapple, honeylocust, juniper, maple, oak, pine, spruce, sweet gum and sycamore.

The damage to conifers takes longer to heal because most of them do not produce new growth from old wood. Recovery happens as they continue to grow from their tips, and eventually new growth will cover the damage. It can take years for them to regain their appearance.

These native insects overwinter as eggs in the bags of female adults. The larvae hatch out from mid-May to early June and immediately begin feeding and constructing bags from silk they produce and bits of leaves from their host plants. They are quite tiny when they first hatch and carry their bags upright, making them look as though they are wearing dunce caps.

Larvae continue to feed and grow through the summer months, sticking their heads out of their bags to feed and move about on host plants. They begin to pupate in August by securely attaching themselves to twigs and/or inanimate objects. Then they seal up their bags and re-orient themselves so they are facing downward. They are no longer feeding when they pupate.

Adult bagworms are moths, although females lack wings and remain grub-like; they never leave their bags. Adult males are nondescript, charcoal-gray moths with clear wings that hatch out of their bags and fly to mate with the females in late summer and early fall. Males die after mating and females die after laying 500-1,000 eggs in each bag.

They fact that females do not fly allows large populations to build up on host plants in a short period of time. Very tiny larvae can be blown in the wind, and they can crawl from tree to tree when plants are relatively close together. They are also spread on infested nursery stock.

Controls include removing the cases from infested plants by hand, especially between now and when they hatch next spring. Male cases can be left to weather off the plants because all the eggs are in female bags. It's easy to tell the difference: Male bags tend to be smaller than female bags, and the pupal case often extends out of the bottom of the bag where the male emerged as an adult. If in doubt, pick it.

Hand removal is the only effective option at this time of year. The silk bagworms use to attach themselves to twigs is very strong and usually has to be cut with scissors or hand pruners to remove it without damaging the plant.

If plants are too large for hand removal, spray applications are best directed at very small larvae. Because they are caterpillars, small larvae are well controlled with least toxic products such as Bacillus thuringiensis or Bt (Dipel, Thuricide, others) and spinosad (Captain Jack's Deadbug Brew, Monterey Garden Insect Spray, others). Larger bagworms can be controlled with carbaryl (Seven, others); cyfluthrin (Bayer Advanced PowerForce Multi Insect Killer); and malathion.

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Bagworms - A Danger to Trees

Facts About Moles

Posted by By Alina Bradford, Live Science Contributor on 07.18.2017

Moles are small mammals that are found all over the world. They are often thought of as garden pests, mainly because of their intricate tunnel systems. And though they spend most of the time underground, they are not blind.

Size

These rotund animals have a hairless, pointed snout, small eyes and no visible ears. On average, moles grow to 4.4 to 6.25 inches (11.3 to 15.9 centimeters) long from snout to rump. Their tails add 1 to 1.6 inches (2.5 to 4 cm) of length. They typically weigh 2.5 to 4.5 ounces (72 to 128 grams), according to the Mammal Society.

The American species is a little on the larger side. The North American mole species tends to get as big as 7 inches (17.6 cm) long, 1.25 inches (3.3 cm) tall and weighs around 4 ounces (115 grams), according to the Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management.

https://www.livescience.com/52297-moles.html

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Facts About Moles

Don't Let Your Ants Upset Your Mom

Posted by CPCS on 05.01.2015

Once temps start warming, ants are the first pests to enjoy the sunshine. Don't let ants spoil your Mother's Day get-together. Even though they're social insects and live in huge families, you don't want them to be part of yours. You'll find them inside looking for sweet, protein-packed, or greasy foods and water to wash it all down. Applying an ant spray is counterproductive because it makes the ants spread out further. You can trust Complete for complete pest control solutions. And don't forget those other springtime pests like bees, wasps, spiders, crickets, mites and beetles. Call Russ 24/7 at 412.318.4547.

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Don't Let Your Ants Upset Your Mom

Angry as a Wasp

Posted by CPCS on 04.17.2015

Wasps aka “yellowjackets” become very defensive when their nests are disturbed. Using pesticides inappropriately (the wrong product applied at the wrong time) can make matters worse. These preventative steps will keep wasps in check.

  1. Remove food sources. Wasps like protein in the spring and summer, which means open garbage or compost piles; and sweet things in the late summer and early fall – perfume, fruit trees, pop spills, etc.
  2. Seal up entry points such as a broken screen or gap in the doorframe.
  3. Did you know that when you squash a wasp it releases chemicals that attract more wasps? An old Russian proverb says, “Do not kill a single wasp; for then a hundred will come to its funeral.”

When preventative measures don’t work or, worse yet, you have an underground nest or a nest in between your walls, call COMPLETE, that’s CPCS, 24/7, at 412.318.4547.

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Angry as a Wasp

Spring Cleaning Time

Posted by CPCS on 04.15.2015

Spring has sprung and so have these pests: ants, termites, flies and rodents. House flies take advantage of the warming weather and spread pathogens and bacteria. Although carpenter ants don't consume wood, they thrive in damp wood environments, chewing passageways for their home. During spring, colonies of pavement ants attack nearby enemy colonies, leaving thousands of dead ants in their wake. Swarms of termites occur when temperatures reach into the 70s. Mice can breed year-round but commonly breed in the summer and spring. Remember a female mouse can have 300 pups in her two-year lifetime.

Take control. Call Sherry today at 412.318.4547 or
1(844) 214-0402.

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Spring Cleaning Time

Do ultrasonic pest repellers really work?

Posted by Sherry on 02.03.2015

These plug-in devices emit high-frequency sound undetectable to humans but supposedly confuse pests so they can’t feed, breed or communicate and flee the premises. But laboratory tests have shown that the majority of such devices do not work as advertised, in violation of Federal Trade Commission guidelines. What’s more, some scientists are concerned about the effect of ultrasound on humans. Ultrasonic pest repellers can also affect the signal of your telephone, burglar alarm and hearing aids. Also walls and other physical impediments diminish their effectiveness.

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Do ultrasonic pest repellers really work?